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Xerese (Generic Hydrocortisone Topical)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Hydrocortisone topical is a corticosteroid medication that is commonly prescribed to treat various skin conditions, including inflammation, itching, and redness. It works by reducing the actions of chemicals in the body that cause inflammation.

Conditions for which hydrocortisone topical may be prescribed include:

  • Eczema (atopic dermatitis): It helps to relieve itching and inflammation associated with eczema.
  • Contact dermatitis: This includes allergic reactions or irritation from substances that come into contact with the skin.
  • Psoriasis: It can be used to reduce inflammation and itching in psoriasis.
  • Allergic reactions: Hydrocortisone may be prescribed to alleviate skin reactions caused by allergies.
  • Insect bites or stings: It can help reduce inflammation and itching caused by insect bites or stings.

How should this medicine be used?

Here are general guidelines on how Xermelo should be used:

  • Follow your doctor’s instructions: Always use hydrocortisone topical as directed by your healthcare provider. The dosage and frequency of application may vary depending on the specific condition being treated.
  • Clean the affected area: Before applying hydrocortisone, clean the affected area with mild soap and water, and pat it dry.
  • Apply a thin layer: Apply a thin layer of the cream or ointment to the affected area and gently rub it in.
  • Wash hands after application: After applying hydrocortisone, wash your hands unless your hands are the area being treated.
  • Avoid sensitive areas: Avoid getting the medication in your eyes, nose, or mouth. If accidental contact occurs, rinse with plenty of water.
  • Do not cover with airtight dressings: Unless directed by your doctor, avoid covering the treated area with airtight dressings, bandages, or other covering, as it can increase the absorption of the medication.
  • Use for the prescribed duration: Use hydrocortisone for the full prescribed duration, even if your symptoms improve before the medication is finished.
  • Contact your doctor if needed: If you experience any side effects or if your condition worsens, contact your healthcare provider.

It’s important to note that hydrocortisone topical is meant for short-term use, and prolonged or excessive use can lead to side effects. If you have any concerns or questions about the use of hydrocortisone topical, consult with your healthcare provider.

Other uses for this medicine

In addition to its common use for inflammatory skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis, hydrocortisone topical can be prescribed or recommended for other conditions, such as:

  • Insect Bites: It may be used to relieve itching and inflammation associated with insect bites.
  • Allergic Reactions: For mild allergic reactions causing skin irritation, hydrocortisone may be applied to reduce inflammation and itching.
  • Psoriasis: In some cases, hydrocortisone may be used to manage symptoms of psoriasis.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis: It can be used to alleviate symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, a common skin condition that causes redness, itching, and flaking.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions for using hydrocortisone topical:

  • Follow Doctor’s Instructions: Always use hydrocortisone topical as directed by your healthcare provider. Follow the prescribed dosage and duration of treatment.
  • Avoid Eyes, Nose, and Mouth: Avoid applying hydrocortisone near the eyes, nose, or mouth. If accidental contact occurs, rinse thoroughly with water.
  • Not for Internal Use: Hydrocortisone topical is for external use only. Do not ingest it, and avoid contact with mucous membranes.
  • Do Not Use on Broken or Infected Skin: Do not apply hydrocortisone on broken or infected skin unless directed by your doctor. It can exacerbate certain infections.
  • Avoid Long-Term Use: Prolonged or excessive use of topical corticosteroids can lead to side effects. Use the medication for the prescribed duration, and do not exceed recommended doses.
  • Do Not Cover Treated Area Unless Directed: Unless directed by your healthcare provider, avoid covering the treated area with bandages or dressings, as this can increase absorption.
  • Inform Your Doctor of Other Medications: Inform your doctor about all other medications, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements, that you are taking. Some medications may interact with hydrocortisone.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, consult your doctor before using hydrocortisone topical. The benefits and risks need to be weighed under these circumstances.
  • Monitor for Side Effects: Watch for any signs of side effects, such as skin thinning, redness, or irritation. If you experience persistent or worsening symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.

Always consult with your healthcare provider before using hydrocortisone or any other medication, and make sure to provide a complete medical history to ensure it is safe and appropriate for your specific situation.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are generally no specific dietary instructions associated with the use of hydrocortisone topical. However, it’s crucial to maintain a healthy and balanced diet to support overall well-being and skin health.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to apply hydrocortisone topical at the scheduled time, apply it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s close to the time for the next scheduled application, skip the missed dose and resume the regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Hydrocortisone topical is a corticosteroid medication that is commonly used to relieve skin inflammation and itching. While it is generally considered safe when used as directed, it can potentially cause side effects. It’s important to note that the likelihood and severity of side effects can vary from person to person. Common side effects of hydrocortisone topical include:

  • Skin Irritation: Some people may experience redness, burning, itching, or other forms of skin irritation at the application site.
  • Dryness or Peeling: The skin may become dry or peel in the area where the medication is applied.
  • Allergic Reactions: Although rare, some individuals may be allergic to hydrocortisone and may experience swelling, itching, or a rash.
  • Thinning of the Skin: Prolonged use of topical corticosteroids, especially on thin skin areas like the face or groin, can lead to skin thinning.
  • Prolonged Use Side Effects: Long-term use or excessive use of hydrocortisone can potentially lead to systemic absorption, which may result in issues such as adrenal suppression (affecting the adrenal glands), Cushing’s syndrome, or other systemic side effects.
  • Contact Dermatitis: In some cases, the use of hydrocortisone may lead to contact dermatitis, which is an inflammatory skin reaction.

It’s crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and duration of use as directed by your healthcare provider. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects, it’s important to contact your doctor promptly. Additionally, hydrocortisone should not be used on certain types of infections (e.g., bacterial or fungal infections) without the supervision of a healthcare professional.

This information is not exhaustive, and specific side effects can vary depending on the formulation and concentration of hydrocortisone. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice based on your medical history and condition.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal of Hydrocortisone Topical:

  • Storage:
    • Store hydrocortisone topical at room temperature, away from excessive heat or direct sunlight.
    • Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets.
    • Do not freeze the medication.
  • Disposal:
    • Follow specific disposal instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
    • If there are no disposal instructions, you can ask your local pharmacy or check with your municipal waste disposal service for guidance.
    • Do not flush medications down the toilet unless instructed to do so.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of emergency or overdose, contact your local emergency services (such as 911 in the United States) or your regional poison control center immediately. Overdose symptoms may include severe skin irritation, redness, or swelling. If possible, have the medication container with you to provide information to healthcare professionals.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Follow-up with Healthcare Provider: Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor the progress of your condition and assess the need for continued use of hydrocortisone topical.
  • Avoid Abrupt Discontinuation: Do not stop using hydrocortisone abruptly without consulting your healthcare provider, as it may lead to a recurrence or worsening of symptoms.
  • Inform All Healthcare Providers: Inform all healthcare providers involved in your care, including dentists and specialists, that you are using hydrocortisone topical. This is important for a comprehensive understanding of your medication history.
  • Avoid Certain Activities: Exercise caution when engaging in activities that may lead to skin abrasion or injury, as the use of topical corticosteroids may increase the risk of skin thinning and bruising.
  • Use Sunscreen: If applicable to the treated area, use sunscreen to protect the skin from sun exposure, as corticosteroids can increase sensitivity to sunlight.
  • Inform About Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider about any allergies you may have, as well as any adverse reactions to medications.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, consult with your healthcare provider before using hydrocortisone topical.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and seek medical advice if you have any concerns about the use of hydrocortisone topical or experience unexpected side effects.

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