Why is this medication prescribed?
Verelan PM is a brand name for a prescription medication containing the active ingredient verapamil. Verapamil is a calcium channel blocker, and it is primarily prescribed to treat various cardiovascular conditions. Here are some common reasons why Verelan PM might be prescribed:
- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Verelan PM helps to relax blood vessels, making it easier for the heart to pump blood, and therefore reducing blood pressure.
- Angina Pectoris (Chest Pain): Verelan PM can be used to prevent angina attacks by improving blood flow to the heart muscle.
- Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT): Verapamil is sometimes used to treat certain rapid heart rhythms that originate above the heart’s ventricles.
How should this medicine be used?
Verelan PM (verapamil) is a medication that should be taken exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. It’s important to follow the recommended dosage and instructions for use. Here are general guidelines for using Verelan PM:
- Dosage: Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate dosage based on your medical condition and response to the medication. It’s essential to take the prescribed amount and not to change the dosage without consulting your doctor.
- Administration: Verelan PM is usually taken once daily in the evening, preferably with food. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding the timing and conditions for taking the medication.
- Swallow whole: Verelan PM is an extended-release formulation designed to release the medication slowly over time. It should be swallowed whole and not crushed, chewed, or broken. Breaking or crushing the tablet can lead to the rapid release of the entire dose, which may increase the risk of side effects.
- Consistency in administration: Try to take Verelan PM at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in your bloodstream.
- Avoid grapefruit: Grapefruit and grapefruit juice can interact with verapamil and affect how your body processes the medication. It’s generally recommended to avoid grapefruit products while taking Verelan PM. Consult your healthcare provider for specific guidance.
- Missed dose: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time of your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.
- Regular check-ups: Your doctor may want to monitor your blood pressure and heart function regularly while you are taking Verelan PM. Attend all scheduled appointments and inform your healthcare provider of any concerns or changes in your health.
It’s crucial to communicate with your healthcare provider about your experience with the medication, including any side effects or difficulties you may be facing. Do not stop taking Verelan PM without consulting your doctor, as suddenly discontinuing a medication can have adverse effects. If you have any questions or concerns about how to use Verelan PM, reach out to your healthcare provider for guidance.
Other uses for this medicine
While Verelan PM (verapamil) is primarily used for cardiovascular conditions, there may be some off-label uses or conditions for which healthcare providers might prescribe it based on their clinical judgment. However, any use of a medication beyond its approved indications should be discussed thoroughly with a healthcare professional.
What special precautions should I follow?
As for special precautions with Verelan PM, here are some important considerations:
- Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider if you are allergic to verapamil or any other medications. This is crucial to prevent any potential allergic reactions.
- Medical History: Provide your healthcare provider with a comprehensive medical history, especially if you have a history of heart conditions, liver or kidney disease, certain muscle disorders, or a recent heart attack.
- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. Verelan PM may be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefits justify the potential risks to the fetus.
- Interactions with Other Medications: Verelan PM may interact with various medications, including other heart medications, blood pressure medications, and certain antibiotics. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, over-the-counter drugs, and supplements you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
- Grapefruit Interaction: Verapamil can interact with grapefruit and grapefruit juice, leading to increased levels of the medication in the bloodstream. It’s generally advised to avoid grapefruit or grapefruit products while taking Verelan PM.
- Dizziness and Drowsiness: Verelan PM may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Avoid activities that require alertness, such as driving, until you know how the medication affects you.
- Alcohol and Tobacco: Limit alcohol intake and avoid tobacco while taking Verelan PM, as these substances can affect blood pressure and may interact with the medication.
- Regular Monitoring: Your healthcare provider may regularly monitor your blood pressure, heart rate, and other parameters to ensure the medication is working effectively and to detect any potential side effects.
- Avoid Abrupt Discontinuation: Do not stop taking Verelan PM suddenly without consulting your healthcare provider, as this can lead to rebound effects and worsen certain conditions.
Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and ask any questions you may have about your medication. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects, contact your healthcare provider promptly. This information is a general guide, and individual circumstances may warrant specific precautions or adjustments to the treatment plan.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
There are no specific dietary restrictions for Verelan PM. However, it’s generally recommended to take the medication with food or shortly after a meal to enhance absorption. Additionally, maintaining a healthy, balanced diet can contribute to overall cardiovascular health, which complements the effects of Verelan PM.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
If you forget to take a dose of Verelan PM:
- Take it as Soon as Possible: If you remember within a few hours of the missed dose, take it as soon as you remember.
- Skip if it’s Almost Time for the Next Dose: If it’s close to the time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
- Do Not Double Dose: Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Taking too much medication at once can increase the risk of side effects.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Verelan PM is a brand name for a type of extended-release verapamil, which is a calcium channel blocker used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), angina (chest pain), and certain heart rhythm disorders. Like any medication, Verelan PM can cause side effects, and it’s important to be aware of them. Common side effects may include:
- Constipation: Verapamil can slow down the movement of the digestive tract, leading to constipation.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness: This can occur, especially when standing up quickly. It’s important to rise slowly from a sitting or lying position.
- Flushing or warmth in the face: Some people may experience a feeling of warmth or redness in the face.
- Headache: Headaches are a possible side effect.
- Low blood pressure: Verapamil can cause a decrease in blood pressure, leading to symptoms such as weakness or fainting.
- Swelling: Some individuals may experience swelling, especially in the ankles or lower legs.
- Nausea or upset stomach: Gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea or stomach discomfort can occur.
- Fatigue: Feeling tired or fatigued is a possible side effect.
- Rash: Skin reactions, including rashes, can occur in some individuals.
It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and some people may experience side effects that are not listed here. Additionally, serious side effects can occur, though they are less common. If you experience any unusual or severe symptoms while taking Verelan PM, it’s crucial to contact your healthcare provider promptly.
This information is not exhaustive, and individual responses to medications can vary. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice regarding your medication and potential side effects.
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Storage and Disposal of Verelan PM:
- Store Verelan PM at room temperature, away from light and moisture.
- Keep the medication in its original container, and make sure the container is tightly closed.
- Avoid storing Verelan PM in the bathroom, where moisture can affect the stability of the medication.
- Do not flush Verelan PM down the toilet or pour it down the drain unless instructed to do so by your healthcare provider or a pharmacist.
- Check with your local pharmacy or healthcare provider for guidance on proper disposal methods.
- If no specific disposal instructions are provided, you can mix the medication with an unpalatable substance (such as kitty litter) in a sealed plastic bag before throwing it in the trash. This helps prevent accidental ingestion by animals or people.
In case of emergency/overdose
If you suspect an overdose or experience severe symptoms, seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of Verelan PM overdose may include:
- Severe dizziness or fainting
- Slow or irregular heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Loss of consciousness
What other information should I know?
- Regular Follow-Up: Attend regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor your response to Verelan PM and adjust the treatment plan if necessary.
- Medical Alerts: Inform healthcare providers, including dentists and emergency personnel, about your use of Verelan PM before undergoing any medical procedures or surgeries.
- Avoid Alcohol: Limit alcohol intake while taking Verelan PM, as alcohol can enhance the medication’s side effects.
- Interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about all medications, over-the-counter drugs, and supplements you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
- Dizziness: Verelan PM may cause dizziness. Avoid activities that require alertness until you know how the medication affects you.
- Regular Monitoring: Your healthcare provider may monitor your blood pressure, heart rate, and other relevant parameters regularly.
- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss this with your healthcare provider. Verelan PM may be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefits justify the potential risks to the fetus.
Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and ask any questions you may have about Verelan PM. If you have concerns or experience unusual symptoms, contact your healthcare provider promptly. This information is a general guide, and individual circumstances may warrant specific instructions or precautions.