Why is this medication prescribed?
Tazorac (tazarotene) is a topical medication prescribed for the treatment of certain skin conditions, particularly acne and psoriasis.
- Acne: Tazorac is used to treat acne vulgaris, a common skin condition characterized by the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. It works by reducing the formation of acne lesions and promoting the turnover of skin cells.
- Psoriasis: Tazorac is also prescribed for the treatment of plaque psoriasis, a chronic skin condition characterized by thick, red, and scaly patches on the skin. Tazarotene helps to normalize the growth of skin cells and reduce inflammation associated with psoriasis.
How should this medicine be used?
As for how Tazorac should be used:
- Application: Tazorac is a topical cream or gel that is applied directly to the affected areas of the skin.
- Frequency: The frequency of application will be determined by your healthcare provider. Generally, it is applied once daily in the evening.
- Clean Skin: Before applying Tazorac, the skin should be clean and dry. Gently wash the affected area and pat it dry.
- Pea-sized Amount: Use a pea-sized amount of Tazorac for each application. Applying more than the recommended amount does not increase its effectiveness but may increase the risk of irritation.
- Avoid Sensitive Areas: Avoid applying Tazorac to sensitive areas of the face, such as the eyes, mouth, and mucous membranes, as it may cause irritation.
- Sun Protection: It’s important to use sun protection measures while using Tazorac, as it can increase sensitivity to sunlight. This includes using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding prolonged sun exposure.
- Follow Instructions: Always follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare provider or the ones included in the medication package.
It’s crucial to consult with your healthcare provider before starting any new medication, including Tazorac, to ensure it is the right treatment for your specific condition and to receive proper guidance on its use.
Other uses for this medicine
Tazorac (tazarotene) is primarily prescribed for the treatment of acne and psoriasis, but it may also have off-label uses, meaning that healthcare providers may prescribe it for conditions not officially approved by regulatory agencies. Some dermatologists may use Tazorac off-label for certain other skin conditions, but this should only be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
What special precautions should I follow?
As for special precautions when using Tazorac, here are some important considerations:
- Pregnancy: Tazorac is known to cause birth defects in animals, and its safety during pregnancy has not been well-established in humans. Therefore, it is generally not recommended for use during pregnancy. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the potential risks and benefits with your healthcare provider.
- Sun Exposure: Tazorac can increase sensitivity to sunlight, making the skin more prone to sunburn. It is important to use sun protection measures, including wearing sunscreen and protective clothing, and avoiding excessive sun exposure.
- Skin Irritation: Tazorac may cause skin irritation, dryness, redness, or peeling, especially during the initial weeks of treatment. If irritation is severe, consult your healthcare provider, who may adjust the dosage or recommend other measures to manage side effects.
- Avoid Contact with Eyes, Nose, Mouth, and Mucous Membranes: Tazorac should not come into contact with the eyes, mouth, or mucous membranes, as it may cause irritation. If accidental contact occurs, rinse thoroughly with water.
- Other Topical Products: Avoid using other potentially irritating topical products, such as products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or products with high concentrations of alcohol, as they may increase the risk of irritation when used concurrently with Tazorac.
- Weather Conditions: Extreme weather conditions, such as wind and cold, can exacerbate skin dryness and irritation. Take precautions to protect your skin in adverse weather conditions.
- Other Medications: Inform your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking, including prescription, over-the-counter, or herbal supplements. Certain medications may interact with Tazorac.
- Follow Instructions: Follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare provider and those included in the medication package. Use Tazorac exactly as directed.
Always consult with your healthcare provider before starting or discontinuing any medication, including Tazorac. They can provide personalized advice based on your medical history and specific skin condition.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
There are generally no specific dietary instructions associated with Tazorac. However, maintaining a healthy diet and staying well-hydrated can contribute to overall skin health.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
If you forget to apply a dose of Tazorac, apply it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Tazorac (tazarotene) may cause side effects, and it’s important to be aware of these potential reactions. Common side effects may include:
- Skin Irritation: Tazorac is known to cause skin irritation, which may manifest as redness, dryness, peeling, or burning sensations. This is often temporary and may improve as your skin adjusts to the medication.
- Photosensitivity: Tazorac can increase sensitivity to sunlight, making the skin more prone to sunburn. It’s crucial to use sun protection measures, such as sunscreen, protective clothing, and avoiding excessive sun exposure.
- Dry Skin: Some individuals may experience dryness of the skin as a side effect of Tazorac.
- Stinging or Pruritus: Stinging sensations or itching may occur, particularly during the initial weeks of treatment.
- Erythema (Redness): The affected areas of the skin may become red or exhibit increased redness.
- Peeling: Tazorac may lead to the peeling of the skin, especially in areas where the medication is applied.
- Worsening of Psoriasis: In some cases, Tazorac may initially cause a temporary worsening of psoriasis symptoms before improvement occurs.
- Local Reactions: Localized reactions, such as contact dermatitis, may occur in some individuals.
It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. If you experience persistent or severe side effects, it’s essential to contact your healthcare provider for guidance. They may adjust the dosage or recommend other measures to manage side effects.
Additionally, there may be rare or more serious side effects associated with Tazorac. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience:
- Severe skin irritation or allergic reactions
- Severe redness or swelling
- Blisters or oozing
- Eye irritation or changes in vision
This is not an exhaustive list of potential side effects, and individual reactions may vary. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and to discuss any concerns you may have about the use of Tazorac.
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Storage and Disposal of Tazorac:
- Storage: Keep Tazorac (tazarotene) in its original container and store it at room temperature away from excessive heat and moisture. Avoid freezing the medication.
- Keep Out of Reach of Children and Pets: Tazorac should be stored in a location where children and pets cannot access it.
- Do Not Share Medication: Do not share Tazorac with others, even if they have a similar skin condition. The medication is prescribed based on an individual’s specific needs.
- Disposal: Dispose of Tazorac according to local regulations or guidelines. Do not flush it down the toilet unless instructed to do so. Consult with your pharmacist or healthcare provider for guidance on proper disposal.
In case of emergency/overdose
In the case of an emergency or if you suspect an overdose of Tazorac, contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 or seek emergency medical attention immediately. Overdose symptoms may include severe skin irritation, redness, or other adverse reactions.
What other information should I know?
- Follow Healthcare Provider’s Instructions: Use Tazorac exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Follow the recommended dosage and application instructions carefully.
- Regular Follow-ups: Attend regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor your progress and address any concerns or side effects.
- Avoid Certain Products: While using Tazorac, avoid using other potentially irritating topical products unless directed by your healthcare provider. These may include products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
- Inform Other Healthcare Providers: Make sure to inform other healthcare providers, such as dentists or surgeons, about your use of Tazorac, as it may affect certain procedures.
- Sun Protection: Use sun protection measures, such as sunscreen and protective clothing, to prevent sunburn and photosensitivity associated with Tazorac.
- Inform About Other Medications: Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking, including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal supplements, as certain medications may interact with Tazorac.
Always consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about the use, storage, or disposal of Tazorac. They can provide personalized guidance based on your individual health and circumstances.