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RMS Suppository (Generic Morphine Rectal)

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Morphine is a potent opioid analgesic used to manage severe pain. When administered rectally, it is typically in the form of suppositories. While it can be effective in relieving pain, there are potential risks and side effects associated with the use of morphine, whether taken orally or rectally. It’s important to note that medical advice should always be sought before using any medication. Here are some potential risks:

  • Respiratory Depression: One of the most significant risks of morphine use is respiratory depression, where breathing becomes slow and shallow. This risk is heightened in cases of overdose or when morphine is used in combination with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol or certain other medications.
  • Addiction and Dependence: Morphine, like other opioids, has the potential for abuse, addiction, and physical dependence. Prolonged use can lead to the development of tolerance, requiring higher doses to achieve the same pain-relieving effects.
  • Constipation: Opioids, including morphine, can cause constipation as they slow down the movement of the digestive tract. This side effect can be bothersome and may require additional treatment.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Morphine use may lead to nausea and vomiting, which can be particularly problematic in some individuals.
  • Sedation and Drowsiness: Morphine can cause sedation and drowsiness, impairing cognitive and motor functions. This can be dangerous, especially when driving or operating heavy machinery.
  • Hypotension: Morphine can cause low blood pressure, which may lead to dizziness or fainting.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may be allergic to morphine, experiencing symptoms such as itching, rash, or swelling. Severe allergic reactions are rare but can be life-threatening.
  • Interactions with Other Medications: Morphine can interact with other medications, including those used to treat mental health conditions, certain antibiotics, and muscle relaxants. These interactions can amplify side effects or lead to adverse reactions.

It’s crucial to use morphine under the supervision of a healthcare professional who can determine the appropriate dosage and monitor for potential side effects. Patients should inform their healthcare provider of any pre-existing medical conditions, allergies, or other medications they are taking to ensure safe and effective use.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Morphine rectal is typically prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain, especially in situations where other forms of administration (such as oral or intravenous) may not be feasible or effective. This form of morphine is commonly used in patients who have difficulty swallowing, are unable to tolerate oral medications, or are in a palliative care setting. It may also be employed when rapid pain relief is necessary.

Here are some common scenarios in which morphine rectal may be prescribed:

  • Postoperative Pain: After certain surgeries, patients may experience significant pain. Morphine rectal can be used as part of the pain management strategy.
  • Palliative Care: In end-of-life care or hospice situations, morphine rectal may be prescribed to provide pain relief for patients with advanced illness.
  • Inability to Take Oral Medications: Some patients may have difficulty swallowing or may experience nausea, making oral medication administration challenging. Morphine rectal can be an alternative route in such cases.
  • Emergency Pain Management: In situations where intravenous access is not readily available, such as in emergency or pre-hospital settings, morphine rectal administration may be considered for rapid pain relief.

How should this medicine be used?

The specific dosage and frequency of morphine rectal administration will be determined by a healthcare professional based on the individual patient’s needs and response to the medication. It’s essential for patients and caregivers to follow the prescribed instructions carefully. Here are general guidelines:

  • Cleanliness: Wash hands thoroughly before handling the suppository.
  • Positioning: Lie on one side with the knee bent or assume a knee-chest position to facilitate insertion.
  • Insertion: Gently insert the suppository into the rectum as directed by the healthcare provider. The suppository should be pushed past the sphincter muscle.
  • Remain in Position: Remain in the recommended position for a short time to allow the suppository to be absorbed.

It’s crucial to inform healthcare providers about any pre-existing medical conditions, allergies, or other medications the patient is taking, as well as to report any side effects or concerns promptly. Morphine rectal should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional due to the potential for side effects, interactions, and the risk of respiratory depression.

Other uses for this medicine

Some potential off-label uses may include:

  • Severe Pain in Specific Conditions: Morphine rectal may be considered in cases of severe pain associated with certain medical conditions, such as advanced cancer or trauma, when other forms of pain relief are not adequate or feasible.
  • Terminal Agitation: In palliative care settings, morphine may be used to manage terminal agitation or restlessness in patients with a life-limiting illness.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions should be taken when using morphine rectal to ensure safe and effective treatment. Here are some important precautions:

  • Medical History: Inform your healthcare provider of your complete medical history, including any history of respiratory conditions, liver or kidney disease, head injuries, mental health disorders, or substance abuse.
  • Allergies: If you are allergic to morphine or other opioids, or if you have had adverse reactions to similar medications, inform your healthcare provider.
  • Medication Interactions: Provide a list of all medications, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs, as well as any herbal supplements or vitamins, to your healthcare provider. Morphine may interact with other medications, increasing the risk of side effects or reducing its effectiveness.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. Morphine can pass into breast milk and may affect a nursing infant.
  • Respiratory Conditions: Exercise caution in patients with respiratory conditions, as morphine can cause respiratory depression. Patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be more sensitive to respiratory effects.
  • Central Nervous System Depression: Morphine can cause sedation and drowsiness. Avoid activities that require mental alertness, such as driving or operating heavy machinery, until you know how the medication affects you.
  • Constipation: Opioids, including morphine, commonly cause constipation. Adequate fluid intake, dietary fiber, and stool softeners may be recommended to alleviate this side effect.
  • Dose Adjustment: The dosage of morphine rectal may need to be adjusted based on individual response, pain intensity, and tolerance. Regular follow-up with a healthcare provider is important.

Always follow the prescribed dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare provider and promptly report any concerns or side effects. Misuse of opioids can lead to serious health risks, including addiction and overdose. If you have any questions or uncertainties, consult with your healthcare professional.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary restrictions associated with the use of morphine rectal. However, maintaining a healthy and balanced diet, staying well-hydrated, and incorporating an adequate amount of dietary fiber can help manage potential side effects, such as constipation.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget a dose of morphine rectal, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one, as this can increase the risk of side effects and overdose.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Morphine rectal, like any medication, can cause side effects. It’s important to be aware of potential side effects and to promptly inform your healthcare provider if you experience any concerning symptoms. Common side effects of morphine rectal may include:

  • Respiratory Depression: This is a serious side effect that can occur with opioid medications like morphine. It involves slow or shallow breathing and can be life-threatening. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience difficulty breathing.
  • Sedation and Drowsiness: Morphine can cause drowsiness and impair cognitive and motor functions. Avoid activities that require mental alertness, such as driving or operating heavy machinery, until you know how the medication affects you.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: These gastrointestinal symptoms are relatively common with morphine use.
  • Constipation: Opioids, including morphine, commonly cause constipation. Adequate fluid intake, dietary fiber, and stool softeners may be recommended to manage this side effect.
  • Dizziness or Lightheadedness: Morphine can cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness or lightheadedness, especially when standing up from a sitting or lying position.
  • Itching or Rash: Some individuals may experience itching or a rash as an allergic reaction to morphine.
  • Headache: Headaches are a reported side effect in some individuals using morphine.
  • Urinary Retention: Difficulty or inability to urinate can occur with opioid use.

It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and the severity can vary. Additionally, there are more serious and less common side effects associated with opioid use, such as allergic reactions, hallucinations, and changes in mood. If you experience any unusual or severe symptoms, seek medical attention promptly.

Long-term use of opioids, including morphine, carries a risk of tolerance, dependence, and addiction. It’s crucial to use these medications under the close supervision of a healthcare provider and to follow their prescribed dosages and instructions.

This is not an exhaustive list of side effects, and individual responses to medication can vary. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance based on your specific medical history and current health status.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal of Morphine Rectal:

  • Storage: Keep morphine rectal suppositories in their original packaging and store them at room temperature, away from excessive heat and moisture. Follow any specific storage instructions provided by your pharmacist or healthcare provider.
  • Secure Storage: Store medications out of reach of children and pets. Opioids, including morphine, can be harmful or fatal if accidentally ingested.
  • Disposal: Dispose of unused or expired morphine rectal suppositories in a safe and environmentally friendly manner. Follow local guidelines for medication disposal or use drug take-back programs if available. Do not flush medications down the toilet unless instructed to do so.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • In case of an overdose, seek emergency medical attention immediately.
  • Symptoms of an overdose may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, slow or shallow breathing, fainting, or loss of consciousness.
  • Be prepared to provide information about the amount of medication taken, the time it was taken, and any other relevant details.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Follow-up: Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor the effectiveness of the medication and address any concerns or side effects.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Avoid consuming alcohol while taking morphine, as it can enhance the sedative effects and increase the risk of respiratory depression.
  • Inform Healthcare Providers: Inform all healthcare providers, including dentists and emergency medical personnel, that you are taking morphine rectal, as it may interact with other medications or affect treatment decisions.
  • Avoid Grapefruit: Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with morphine, affecting its absorption. It’s advisable to avoid grapefruit products while using morphine.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. Morphine can pass into breast milk and may affect a nursing infant.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions, ask questions if you have any uncertainties, and promptly report any side effects or concerns. Misuse or abuse of opioids can lead to serious health risks, including addiction and overdose. If you have questions about your specific situation or need personalized advice, consult with your healthcare provider.

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