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Qbrelis (Generic Lisinopril)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Lisinopril is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs known as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It is commonly prescribed to treat conditions related to the cardiovascular system. Here are some common reasons why Lisinopril may be prescribed:

  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Lisinopril is often used to lower blood pressure and manage hypertension. By inhibiting the activity of ACE, it helps to relax blood vessels, reducing the workload on the heart.
  • Heart Failure: It may be prescribed to manage heart failure by improving the heart’s pumping ability and reducing the workload on the heart.
  • Post-Heart Attack: Lisinopril can be used to improve survival and reduce the risk of complications in patients who have had a heart attack.
  • Diabetic Nephropathy: It is sometimes prescribed to manage diabetic nephropathy, a kidney disease associated with diabetes.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Lisinopril can be used to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease, especially in patients with proteinuria (excessive protein in the urine).

How should this medicine be used?

The dosage of Lisinopril can vary depending on the specific condition being treated and individual patient factors. It’s crucial to follow the doctor’s instructions and take the medication exactly as prescribed. Typically, Lisinopril is taken orally, with or without food. It’s essential to take it regularly to get the maximum benefit.

Here are some general guidelines on how Lisinopril is often used:

  • Dosage: The initial dosage and any adjustments are determined by the prescribing healthcare provider based on the patient’s medical condition.
  • Frequency: Lisinopril is usually taken once daily.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood pressure, kidney function, and electrolyte levels may be required during treatment.
  • Side Effects: It’s important to be aware of potential side effects and contact a healthcare professional if any unusual or severe symptoms occur.
  • Interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about all other medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking, as they may interact with Lisinopril.

As with any medication, it’s crucial to use Lisinopril under the guidance of a healthcare professional who can assess your individual health needs and monitor for any potential side effects or interactions. Never self-prescribe or adjust your dosage without consulting your healthcare provider.

Other uses for this medicine

In addition to treating hypertension and heart failure, Lisinopril may have other uses, including:

  • Post-Heart Attack: It may be prescribed to improve survival and reduce the risk of complications in individuals who have had a heart attack.
  • Diabetic Nephropathy: Lisinopril can be used to manage diabetic nephropathy, a kidney disease associated with diabetes.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: It may be used to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease, especially in patients with proteinuria (excessive protein in the urine).
  • Migraines: In some cases, Lisinopril may be used to prevent migraines.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions should be observed when using Lisinopril, and it’s crucial to inform your healthcare provider about your medical history, including any allergies, existing medical conditions, and medications you are currently taking. Here are some general precautions associated with Lisinopril:

  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Lisinopril may cause harm to an unborn baby, especially during the second and third trimesters. It is not recommended for use during pregnancy. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, inform your healthcare provider. It’s also important to discuss breastfeeding considerations.
  • Kidney Function: Lisinopril is cleared from the body through the kidneys. Individuals with impaired kidney function may require dosage adjustments, and regular monitoring of kidney function is essential.
  • Potassium Levels: Lisinopril can increase potassium levels in the blood. High potassium levels can be dangerous, especially in individuals with kidney problems. Avoid excessive intake of potassium-rich foods or supplements without consulting your healthcare provider.
  • Dehydration and Electrolyte Imbalance: Lisinopril may cause a drop in blood pressure, particularly after the first dose or with an increase in dose. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances can increase the risk of hypotension.
  • Angioedema: Lisinopril has been associated with the development of angioedema, a serious allergic reaction characterized by swelling of the deeper layers of the skin. If you experience symptoms such as swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, seek medical attention immediately.
  • Liver Function: Lisinopril is generally well-tolerated, but individuals with liver disease may require special consideration and monitoring.

Always take Lisinopril exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. If you have any concerns about the medication or experience side effects, contact your healthcare professional promptly. It’s crucial to attend regular check-ups to monitor your health and response to the medication.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Special Dietary Instructions:

  • Potassium-Rich Foods: Be mindful of your potassium intake, especially if you are taking potassium supplements or using salt substitutes. High-potassium foods include bananas, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, and certain leafy greens.
  • Salt Intake: Lisinopril is often used to manage hypertension, and reducing sodium intake can be beneficial. Follow dietary recommendations provided by your healthcare provider.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

  • Missed Dose: If you forget to take a dose of Lisinopril, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s close to the time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
  • Double Dose: Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Taking more than the prescribed amount can increase the risk of side effects without providing additional benefit.
  • Consistency: Try to take Lisinopril at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in your system.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Lisinopril, like any medication, can cause side effects. It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and some people may experience side effects that are not listed. Common side effects are generally mild, but some can be serious. If you experience any side effects, it’s essential to contact your healthcare provider.

Common side effects of Lisinopril may include:

  • Cough: A persistent dry cough is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors, including Lisinopril. If the cough becomes bothersome, your healthcare provider may consider alternative medications.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness: Especially when standing up from a sitting or lying position, this can occur, particularly in the early stages of treatment.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or fatigued is a common side effect.
  • Headache: Some people may experience headaches.
  • Nausea or abdominal pain: Gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea or abdominal discomfort can occur.
  • Changes in taste: Some individuals may notice a metallic or salty taste.

While these side effects are common, they are often transient and may improve with continued use. However, if they persist or worsen, it’s important to inform your healthcare provider.

Serious side effects that require immediate medical attention include:

  • Angioedema: This is a severe allergic reaction characterized by swelling of the deeper layers of the skin, often involving the face, lips, tongue, or throat. It can be life-threatening and requires prompt medical attention.
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension): Lisinopril can cause a significant drop in blood pressure, leading to symptoms like dizziness or fainting.
  • High potassium levels (hyperkalemia): Lisinopril can lead to an increase in potassium levels in the blood, which can be serious, especially in individuals with kidney problems.
  • Kidney problems: In some cases, ACE inhibitors like Lisinopril can affect kidney function.
  • Liver problems: Although rare, Lisinopril can affect liver function.
  • Blood disorders: Lisinopril can rarely cause changes in blood cell counts.

It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any severe or persistent side effects. Additionally, inform your healthcare provider about any pre-existing medical conditions, allergies, or other medications you are taking, as these factors can influence how your body responds to Lisinopril.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage of Lisinopril:

  • Room Temperature: Store Lisinopril at room temperature, away from excessive heat and moisture.
  • Avoid Sunlight: Keep the medication in its original packaging or container, and protect it from direct sunlight.
  • Keep Out of Reach of Children: Store Lisinopril out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion.
  • Follow Expiry Dates: Check the expiration date on the medication, and do not use it if it has expired.

Disposal of Lisinopril:

  • Do Not Flush: Do not flush Lisinopril down the toilet or pour it into a drain unless specifically instructed to do so.
  • Guidance on Disposal: Follow local regulations or guidelines for the disposal of medications. Many communities have drug take-back programs or special disposal facilities.
  • Ask Your Pharmacist: Your pharmacist can provide information on proper disposal methods for Lisinopril. They may have specific recommendations or resources for safe disposal in your area.

In case of emergency/overdose

In the case of an overdose or emergency, it’s crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Emergency symptoms may include:

  • Severe dizziness or fainting
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Extreme weakness or fatigue
  • Difficulty breathing

If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. In the United States, you can contact the Poison Help hotline at 1-800-222-1222.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Check-ups: Attend regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to monitor your blood pressure, kidney function, and overall health.
  • Inform Healthcare Providers: Always inform any healthcare provider you see about all medications, including over-the-counter drugs, supplements, and herbal products you are taking. This helps prevent potential interactions.
  • Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider about any allergies you have, especially if you’ve had an allergic reaction to ACE inhibitors in the past.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of Lisinopril with your healthcare provider.
  • Follow Instructions: Take Lisinopril exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change the dosage or stop taking the medication without consulting your doctor.

Always consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about Lisinopril or any medication. They can provide personalized advice based on your medical history and current health status.

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