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Prestalia (Generic Amlodipine)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Amlodipine is a medication commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and certain types of chest pain known as angina. It belongs to a class of drugs called calcium channel blockers. Amlodipine works by relaxing the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily and reducing the workload on the heart.

How should this medicine be used?

Here are some general guidelines on Amlodipine used:

  • Dosage: The usual starting dose of Amlodipine is 5 mg once daily. The dosage may be adjusted based on individual response, but the maximum recommended dose is 10 mg per day.
  • Administration: Amlodipine is usually taken orally, with or without food. It’s important to take it consistently at the same time each day to maintain a steady level of the medication in the body.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions: Always follow the dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare provider. They will determine the appropriate dose based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
  • Do not stop abruptly: It’s important not to stop taking Amlodipine suddenly without consulting your doctor, even if you feel well. Abruptly stopping the medication can lead to a sudden increase in blood pressure.
  • Regular monitoring: Your doctor may monitor your blood pressure regularly to assess the effectiveness of the medication. They may adjust the dosage if needed.
  • Missed dose: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time of your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.
  • Side effects: While Amlodipine is generally well-tolerated, it can have side effects. Common side effects include swelling of the ankles and feet, dizziness, and flushing. If you experience severe or persistent side effects, contact your healthcare provider.

It’s crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and health conditions you have before starting Amlodipine, as it may interact with other drugs or be contraindicated in certain situations. Always consult with your healthcare professional for personalized advice based on your specific medical history and condition.

Other uses for this medicine

There are some off-label uses and considerations to be aware of:

  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: Amlodipine may be used off-label to manage symptoms of Raynaud’s phenomenon, a condition that causes reduced blood flow to certain parts of the body, usually the fingers and toes.
  • Migraine prevention: In some cases, Amlodipine may be considered for the prevention of migraines, particularly in individuals with coexisting high blood pressure.
  • Ischemic heart disease: Amlodipine may be part of the treatment plan for certain types of ischemic heart disease.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions:

  • Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider if you are allergic to Amlodipine or any other medications.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. The use of Amlodipine during pregnancy and lactation should be carefully considered, and the potential benefits should outweigh the risks.
  • Liver disease: Amlodipine is metabolized by the liver, so if you have liver disease, your doctor may adjust the dosage accordingly.
  • Kidney disease: Amlodipine is generally safe for individuals with kidney disease, but the dosage may need adjustment based on the severity of the impairment.
  • Heart conditions: If you have heart conditions other than hypertension or angina, such as heart failure, discuss the use of Amlodipine with your doctor.
  • Interactions with other medications: Amlodipine may interact with certain medications, including other antihypertensive drugs, some antibiotics, and medications affecting liver enzymes. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs you are taking.
  • Orthostatic hypotension: Amlodipine can cause a drop in blood pressure, especially when standing up quickly. Be cautious when changing positions, and if you experience dizziness or lightheadedness, notify your doctor.
  • Grapefruit juice: Grapefruit and grapefruit juice can interact with Amlodipine and increase the risk of side effects. It’s advisable to avoid consuming grapefruit products while taking this medication.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions, and do not hesitate to ask questions or seek clarification about your medication. If you experience any unexpected or severe side effects, contact your doctor promptly. Regular follow-up appointments and blood pressure monitoring are typically part of the management plan for individuals taking Amlodipine.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary restrictions associated with Amlodipine. However, maintaining a healthy and balanced diet is generally recommended for individuals with hypertension. This includes reducing sodium intake, consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, and limiting alcohol consumption.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

  • If you miss a dose: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
  • Do not double up: Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Taking more than the prescribed amount can lead to an increase in side effects and may not provide additional benefits.
  • Consult your doctor: If you frequently forget doses or are unsure about what to do, consult your healthcare provider. They can provide guidance on how to manage missed doses and may adjust your treatment plan if necessary.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Amlodipine, like any medication, can potentially cause side effects. It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and many people tolerate the medication well. If you do experience any side effects, it’s crucial to inform your healthcare provider. Common side effects of Amlodipine include:

  • Peripheral edema: Swelling of the ankles, feet, or legs is a common side effect. This is usually mild to moderate and may lessen with continued use.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness: Amlodipine can cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness or lightheadedness, especially when standing up quickly. It’s important to rise slowly from a sitting or lying position.
  • Flushing: Some people may experience flushing or warmth in the face and neck.
  • Headache: Headaches are a common side effect, but they are often temporary and may improve with continued use.
  • Palpitations: Some individuals may notice an increased awareness of their heartbeat, but this is usually not a cause for concern.
  • Fatigue: Amlodipine can cause tiredness or fatigue in some individuals.
  • Nausea or abdominal pain: Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea or abdominal discomfort may occur, but these are usually mild.
  • Gingival (gum) hyperplasia: In some cases, Amlodipine has been associated with an increase in gum tissue size. Regular dental care and good oral hygiene practices are recommended.
  • Muscle cramps: Some people may experience muscle cramps, although this is less common.

Allergic reactions: While rare, allergic reactions to Amlodipine can occur. Seek medical attention if you experience symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing.

It’s important to remember that the benefits of Amlodipine in controlling blood pressure and treating angina generally outweigh the potential side effects. If you have concerns about side effects or experience any unusual symptoms, contact your healthcare provider promptly. They can adjust your treatment plan if necessary or provide guidance on managing side effects. Additionally, do not stop taking Amlodipine without consulting your doctor, as abruptly discontinuing the medication can lead to a sudden increase in blood pressure.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal of Amlodipine:

  • Store Amlodipine at room temperature, away from moisture and light.
  • Keep the medication in its original packaging or container.
  • Do not store it in the bathroom, as the humidity can affect the stability of the medication.
  • Keep it out of reach of children and pets.


  • Dispose of unused or expired Amlodipine according to local regulations or guidelines.
  • Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them down the drain unless instructed to do so.
  • Check with your local pharmacy or healthcare provider for proper disposal options.

In case of emergency/overdose

If you suspect an overdose or experience severe symptoms, seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of an overdose may include:

  • Severe dizziness or fainting
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Excessive tiredness

In case of overdose, it’s important to contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. Keep the medication packaging or container with you to provide necessary information to healthcare professionals.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Monitoring: Your healthcare provider may regularly monitor your blood pressure to assess the effectiveness of Amlodipine.
  • Follow-Up Appointments: Attend follow-up appointments as scheduled to discuss your progress and any potential adjustments to your treatment plan.
  • Drug Interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs you are taking, as Amlodipine may interact with certain substances.
  • Grapefruit Interaction: Avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice while taking Amlodipine, as it can interact with the medication.
  • Informing Healthcare Providers: Notify any healthcare provider or dentist about your Amlodipine use before undergoing any medical procedures.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of Amlodipine with your healthcare provider.
  • Routine Dental Care: Given the potential for gingival hyperplasia (gum enlargement), practice good oral hygiene and attend regular dental check-ups.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and consult them with any questions or concerns you may have about your medication. Do not make changes to your treatment plan without consulting your healthcare professional.

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