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Oxacillin Injection

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Oxacillin is a type of antibiotic medication that belongs to the penicillin class. It is primarily prescribed to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Specifically, oxacillin is effective against certain types of staphylococcal infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It is commonly used in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections, pneumonia, and other respiratory tract infections caused by susceptible bacteria.

How should this medicine be used?

Oxacillin is available in injectable form and is typically administered by a healthcare professional in a hospital or clinical setting. The injection may be given intravenously (into a vein) or intramuscularly (into a muscle), depending on the specific situation and the severity of the infection being treated.

The dosage and duration of oxacillin treatment will vary depending on factors such as the type and location of the infection, the patient’s age, weight, and overall health, as well as the susceptibility of the bacteria causing the infection. It is important to follow the instructions provided by the healthcare professional and complete the full course of treatment, even if the symptoms improve before the medication is finished.

It’s worth noting that the information provided here is a general overview, and you should always consult a healthcare professional or pharmacist for specific instructions and advice regarding the use of oxacillin or any other medication.

Other uses for this medicine

Oxacillin injection is primarily used for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible bacteria, particularly staphylococcal infections including MRSA. However, it is important to note that antibiotics should only be used for the specific infections they are prescribed for, as determined by a healthcare professional. Using antibiotics for non-bacterial infections or for infections caused by resistant bacteria may be ineffective and contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions should be taken when using oxacillin, and it’s important to follow the instructions provided by healthcare professionals. Here are some general precautions associated with oxacillin injection:

  • Allergies: Individuals who are allergic to penicillin or other beta-lactam antibiotics may have an increased risk of experiencing an allergic reaction to oxacillin. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any known allergies before starting treatment.
  • Kidney and liver function: Patients with impaired kidney or liver function may require dose adjustments or closer monitoring while receiving oxacillin.
  • Drug interactions: Oxacillin may interact with other medications, such as oral anticoagulants (e.g., warfarin) and oral contraceptives. Inform your doctor about all the medications you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
  • Superinfection: Antibiotic therapy, including oxacillin, can lead to the development of superinfections caused by resistant bacteria or fungi. If you experience new symptoms or your condition worsens during treatment, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: The safety of oxacillin during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been extensively studied. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits with your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

These precautions are not exhaustive, and it is essential to consult a healthcare professional or read the medication’s accompanying information leaflet for complete and accurate guidance based on your specific situation.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary instructions that need to be followed with oxacillin injection. However, it is generally recommended to take antibiotics on an empty stomach, about one hour before or two hours after meals. This helps to maximize the absorption of the medication.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget a dose of oxacillin injection, it is important to take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time for your next scheduled dose, you should skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one, as it can increase the risk of side effects.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Oxacillin injection, like any medication, can cause side effects. Not everyone will experience these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. Common side effects of oxacillin may include:

  • Diarrhea: Oxacillin can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in the digestive system, leading to diarrhea. If diarrhea is severe or persists, it’s important to inform your healthcare provider.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Some individuals may experience nausea and vomiting while taking oxacillin.
  • Allergic reactions: Although rare, oxacillin can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include rash, itching, swelling, dizziness, difficulty breathing, or severe drowsiness. Allergic reactions can be serious and require immediate medical attention.
  • Injection site reactions: Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site can occur after receiving oxacillin injection.
  • Abnormal liver function tests: Oxacillin can affect liver function, leading to elevated liver enzyme levels in blood tests. Regular monitoring of liver function may be necessary during treatment.
  • Superinfections: Antibiotic therapy, including oxacillin, can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the body, potentially leading to the overgrowth of resistant bacteria or fungi. This can result in new infections such as oral thrush or vaginal yeast infections.
  • Blood disorders: Rarely, oxacillin can cause blood disorders such as decreased platelet count or decreased white blood cell count.

It is important to note that this is not an exhaustive list of side effects, and other uncommon or rare side effects may occur. If you experience any unusual or bothersome side effects while taking oxacillin, it is recommended to contact your healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.

In case of severe or life-threatening symptoms such as difficulty breathing, severe allergic reactions, or severe diarrhea, seek immediate medical attention or call emergency services.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal of Oxacillin Injection:

  • Oxacillin injection should be stored as directed by the manufacturer or as advised by your healthcare provider. Typically, it should be stored at room temperature, away from excessive heat, moisture, and light.
  • Keep the medication out of the reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion.
  • Do not use oxacillin injection if it has expired or if the liquid appears discolored or contains particles. Properly dispose of expired or unused medication.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • If you suspect an overdose or experience severe symptoms after receiving oxacillin injection, it is important to seek immediate medical attention or call emergency services.
  • Contact a poison control center or your local emergency department for guidance on managing the overdose situation.

What other information should I know?

  • Follow the dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Do not alter the dosage or treatment duration without consulting them.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any known allergies, medical conditions, or medications you are currently taking before starting oxacillin therapy.
  • If you are scheduled for any laboratory tests, inform the healthcare personnel that you are receiving oxacillin, as it may affect the results of certain tests.
  • It is important to complete the full course of treatment prescribed by your healthcare provider, even if your symptoms improve before finishing the medication.
  • Contact your healthcare provider if your condition worsens or if you develop new symptoms during or after oxacillin therapy.

Remember, the information provided here is a general overview and not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for specific instructions and guidance based on your individual circumstances.

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