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Why is this medication prescribed?

Ixazomib is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called proteasome inhibitors. It is primarily prescribed for the treatment of multiple myeloma, a type of cancer that affects plasma cells in the bone marrow. Ixazomib is used in combination with other medications to treat patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy.

The main purpose of prescribing Ixazomib is to inhibit the activity of proteasomes, which are cellular structures responsible for breaking down proteins. By blocking proteasomes, Ixazomib helps to disrupt the growth and survival of cancer cells, ultimately slowing down the progression of multiple myeloma.

How should this medicine be used?

Ixazomib should be used exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. It is important to follow the instructions provided on the prescription label and to consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns. Here are some general guidelines for the use of Ixazomib:

  • Dosage: The recommended dose of Ixazomib is typically one capsule taken once a week. The specific dosage may vary depending on your individual circumstances, such as your overall health, other medications you may be taking, and the stage of your disease. Always follow the prescribed dosage and do not adjust it without consulting your healthcare provider.
  • Timing: Ixazomib should be taken at least one hour before or at least two hours after a meal. It is important to take it on an empty stomach to ensure proper absorption. Swallow the capsule whole with a glass of water. Do not crush, chew, or open the capsules.
  • Treatment schedule: Ixazomib is often used in combination with other medications for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Your healthcare provider will determine the specific treatment regimen, including the duration of treatment cycles and the frequency of Ixazomib administration. Follow the prescribed schedule carefully and attend all appointments as scheduled.
  • Adherence: It is important to take Ixazomib consistently and as directed by your healthcare provider. Missing doses or altering the schedule can affect the effectiveness of the medication. If you accidentally miss a dose, contact your healthcare provider for further guidance.

Remember, these are general guidelines, and your specific instructions may differ. Always consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for personalized advice on the use of Ixazomib based on your individual situation.

Other uses for this medicine

As for other uses, ixazomib is primarily approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Its effectiveness and safety for other conditions have not been extensively studied or established. The use of ixazomib for any other purpose should be discussed with a healthcare provider who can assess the potential risks and benefits in the specific clinical context.

What special precautions should I follow?

When taking ixazomib, it is important to follow certain precautions:

  • Medication adherence: Take ixazomib exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not skip or alter doses unless advised by your doctor.
  • Drug interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking before starting ixazomib. Some medications may interact with ixazomib and affect its effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Ixazomib may cause harm to an unborn baby, so it is important to avoid pregnancy during treatment and use effective contraception. It is not recommended to breastfeed while taking ixazomib, as it may pass into breast milk and harm the baby.
  • Monitoring and tests: Regular blood tests and medical check-ups are necessary to monitor your response to ixazomib and assess any potential side effects or complications. Follow your doctor’s instructions regarding the frequency of tests and appointments.
  • Infections: Due to the potential for increased susceptibility to infections, it is important to practice good hygiene, avoid close contact with sick individuals, and promptly report any signs of infection to your healthcare provider.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Regarding dietary instructions, there are no specific dietary restrictions for ixazomib. However, it is generally recommended to maintain a healthy and balanced diet to support overall well-being during treatment. If you have any specific dietary concerns or restrictions, it is advisable to consult with a registered dietitian or your healthcare provider for personalized guidance.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of ixazomib, follow these general guidelines:

  • If it is within 72 hours of the missed dose: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, unless it is less than 72 hours before your next scheduled dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule.
  • If it is more than 72 hours since the missed dose: Do not take the missed dose. Instead, contact your healthcare provider for further instructions.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Like any medication, ixazomib can have side effects. Here are some of the common and possible side effects associated with ixazomib:

  • Gastrointestinal effects: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, and stomach pain are commonly reported side effects. These symptoms are usually mild to moderate and can be managed with supportive care and medications if necessary.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or experiencing general weakness and lack of energy is a common side effect. It is important to get adequate rest and seek medical advice if the fatigue becomes severe or persistent.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: This condition involves damage to the nerves that may cause symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands and feet. It is important to report any unusual sensations to your healthcare provider.
  • Thrombocytopenia: This refers to a decrease in the number of platelets, which are important for blood clotting. It may increase the risk of bleeding or bruising. Regular blood tests are conducted to monitor platelet counts during treatment.
  • Infections: Ixazomib can suppress the immune system, increasing the risk of infections. It is important to promptly report any signs of infection, such as fever, cough, or sore throat, to your healthcare provider.
  • Rash: Skin rash or itching may occur as a side effect. Inform your doctor if you experience any skin-related issues during treatment.
  • Liver and kidney problems: Ixazomib may affect liver or kidney function, leading to abnormal blood test results. Regular monitoring of liver and kidney function is typically done during treatment.
  • Respiratory issues: Some individuals may experience shortness of breath, cough, or other respiratory symptoms. It is important to seek medical attention if you have difficulty breathing.
  • Cardiovascular effects: Ixazomib may cause an increase in blood pressure. Regular monitoring of blood pressure is important during treatment.

These are not all the possible side effects of ixazomib, and individual experiences may vary. It’s essential to discuss any concerns or potential side effects with your healthcare provider, who can provide more personalized information and guidance based on your specific medical history and condition.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

When it comes to storage and disposal of Ixazomib, here are some important points to keep in mind:


  • Keep Ixazomib capsules in their original container or packaging.
  • Store Ixazomib at room temperature, away from excessive heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Do not freeze the capsules.
  • Keep Ixazomib out of reach of children and pets.


  • Dispose of any unused or expired Ixazomib capsules properly.
  • Follow the specific disposal instructions provided by your healthcare provider or local regulations.
  • Do not throw Ixazomib capsules in the regular trash or flush them down the toilet unless instructed to do so.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of emergency or overdose, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. Contact your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room. If possible, bring the medication container or packaging with you to provide necessary information to the healthcare professionals.

What other information should I know?

  • Precautions: Before starting Ixazomib treatment, inform your healthcare provider about any allergies, medical conditions, or medications you are currently taking, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs, as well as any herbal supplements.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Ixazomib may harm an unborn baby, so it is essential to inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is also advised to avoid breastfeeding while on Ixazomib treatment.
  • Blood tests: Regular blood tests may be conducted by your healthcare provider to monitor your response to Ixazomib and to check for any potential side effects or complications.
  • Interactions: Ixazomib can interact with other medications, so it is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking to avoid any potential interactions.
  • Adverse effects: Ixazomib may cause side effects, which can vary from person to person. Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, peripheral neuropathy, low blood platelet count, and infections. Contact your healthcare provider if you experience any persistent or severe side effects.

It is crucial to consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for comprehensive and personalized information about Ixazomib based on your specific circumstances. They can provide you with the most up-to-date and relevant information regarding storage, disposal, emergency procedures, and other important considerations.

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