Why is this medication prescribed?
Intal, also known as cromolyn sodium, is a medication that is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of certain respiratory conditions, particularly asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever). Here’s why Intal may be prescribed:
- Asthma: Intal is primarily used as a prophylactic or preventive medication for asthma. It helps to control and manage asthma symptoms by reducing airway inflammation and preventing the release of certain substances in the body that can trigger asthma attacks. It is not used for the immediate relief of acute asthma symptoms but rather as a long-term maintenance therapy.
- Allergic rhinitis: Intal may also be prescribed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, which is inflammation of the nasal passages caused by an allergic reaction. It helps to reduce the symptoms associated with allergic rhinitis, such as sneezing, itching, runny nose, and congestion.
- Exercise-induced bronchospasm: Intal may be prescribed for individuals who experience exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB), a condition where physical activity triggers the narrowing of the airways, resulting in coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Taking Intal before exercise can help prevent or reduce the severity of EIB symptoms.
How should this medicine be used?
Intal, also known as cromolyn sodium, is a medication used to manage symptoms of asthma, including prevention of asthma attacks. It is typically prescribed as an inhalation solution or as an inhaler.
Here are the general guidelines for using Intal:
- Consult a healthcare professional: Intal should be prescribed by a healthcare professional who will provide specific instructions on its use. They will assess your condition and determine the appropriate dosage and frequency.
- Read the instructions: Carefully read the patient information leaflet that comes with the medication. Familiarize yourself with the proper technique for using Intal.
- Prepare the device: If you are using Intal as an inhalation solution, it usually comes in single-dose vials. Open the vial and pour the contents into the nebulizer chamber. If you are using Intal as an inhaler, ensure it is properly assembled and primed if required.
- Administer the medication: Breathe in and out fully before using Intal. If using an inhalation solution, attach the nebulizer mouthpiece or face mask and turn on the nebulizer machine. Breathe in the mist until the medication is finished. If using an inhaler, shake it well and place the mouthpiece between your lips. Take a slow, deep breath through your mouth while simultaneously pressing down on the inhaler to release the medication.
- Follow the prescribed dosage and frequency: The dosage and frequency of Intal will vary depending on your specific condition and the severity of your symptoms. It is important to strictly adhere to the prescribed dosage schedule. Do not exceed the recommended dose unless instructed by your healthcare provider.
- Rinse your mouth (if using an inhaler): After using Intal with an inhaler, rinse your mouth with water to prevent throat irritation. Spit out the water without swallowing.
- Keep track of your symptoms: Monitor your asthma symptoms and keep a record of any changes or improvements. This information will be useful during follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider.
- Regular use: Intal is typically used on a regular basis to prevent asthma attacks, rather than for immediate relief of symptoms during an attack. It may take several weeks for the full benefits to be realized, so it’s important to continue using Intal as prescribed, even if you start feeling better.
- Side effects and concerns: While Intal is generally considered safe, it may cause side effects such as cough, wheezing, throat irritation, or nasal congestion. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects, contact your healthcare provider.
Remember, these are general guidelines, and it is crucial to consult your healthcare provider for personalized instructions and advice on using Intal.
Other uses for this medicine
Other Uses for Intal (Cromolyn Sodium):
- Exercise-induced asthma: Intal can be used as a preventive measure for exercise-induced asthma, where asthma symptoms are triggered by physical activity or exercise.
- Mastocytosis: Intal may be used in the treatment of mastocytosis, a condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of mast cells in various organs.
- Eosinophilic esophagitis: Intal has shown some benefit in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis, an allergic inflammatory condition that affects the esophagus.
What special precautions should I follow?
Special Precautions for Intal (Cromolyn Sodium):
- Allergic reactions: Some individuals may be hypersensitive to cromolyn sodium. If you have a known allergy to Intal or any of its ingredients, it is important to avoid using this medication.
- Asthma exacerbation: Intal should not be used to relieve acute asthma attacks or sudden breathing difficulties. It is a preventive medication and needs to be taken regularly to control symptoms over time.
- Proper inhaler technique: Intal is typically administered through an inhaler device. It is essential to learn and use the correct inhalation technique to ensure the medication reaches the lungs effectively. Consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for proper instruction.
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding: The safety of Intal during pregnancy and breastfeeding has not been extensively studied. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before using Intal if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Drug interactions: It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as some medications may interact with Intal. This includes over-the-counter drugs and other asthma medications.
- Side effects: Like any medication, Intal may cause side effects, although they are usually mild. Common side effects include cough, throat irritation, wheezing, and nausea. If you experience any severe or persistent side effects, seek medical attention.
It is crucial to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and guidelines for the safe and effective use of Intal. They can provide personalized advice based on your medical history and specific needs.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Intal, also known as cromolyn sodium, is a medication used to prevent asthma attacks and other breathing difficulties. It works by reducing inflammation in the airways. While there are no specific dietary restrictions associated with Intal, it is always a good idea to follow a balanced and healthy diet to support your overall well-being.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
f you forget to take a dose of Intal, you should take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Intal (cromolyn sodium) is generally well-tolerated, but like any medication, it can cause side effects in some individuals. It’s important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and they may vary in severity. Common side effects of Intal include:
- Throat irritation: Intal may cause mild irritation or a bitter taste in the mouth. Gargling with water after using the inhaler can help alleviate this symptom.
- Coughing or wheezing: In some cases, Intal may cause temporary coughing or wheezing after inhalation. This typically subsides with continued use of the medication.
- Nausea and gastrointestinal symptoms: Intal can occasionally cause mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, stomach discomfort, or diarrhea.
- Nasal congestion or runny nose: Some individuals may experience mild nasal congestion or a runny nose when using Intal.
- Headache: Intal may cause headaches in some individuals, although this side effect is relatively rare.
It’s important to consult your healthcare provider if you experience any persistent or severe side effects while taking Intal. They can provide guidance on managing these side effects or determine if any adjustments to your treatment plan are necessary.
Additionally, while rare, some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to Intal. Seek immediate medical attention if you develop symptoms such as difficulty breathing, hives, swelling of the face or throat, or severe dizziness.
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
- Storage: Keep Intal at room temperature, away from excessive heat, moisture, and light. Avoid storing it in the bathroom or any location with high humidity. Follow any specific storage instructions provided by the manufacturer.
- Disposal: When it comes to disposing of Intal, it’s best to follow local regulations and guidelines. Do not flush it down the toilet or pour it into drains unless instructed to do so. Instead, consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist on how to properly dispose of unused or expired medication.
In case of emergency/overdose
In case of emergency/overdose: If you believe you have experienced an overdose or emergency situation related to Intal, it is crucial to seek immediate medical assistance. Contact your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room. Make sure to bring the medication packaging or any relevant information about the medication with you.
What other information should I know?
Here are a few additional points to keep in mind:
- Adherence to dosing: It’s important to take Intal as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Follow the recommended dosage and dosing schedule to derive the maximum benefit from the medication.
- Effectiveness: Intal is a preventive medication for asthma attacks and other breathing difficulties. It is not meant to provide immediate relief during an ongoing asthma attack. Make sure you have a separate rescue inhaler or medication for immediate relief as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
- Regular check-ups: Continue to see your healthcare provider for regular check-ups and monitoring of your asthma or respiratory condition. They will evaluate the effectiveness of Intal and make any necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.
- Allergies and interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about any known allergies you have and provide a comprehensive list of all medications, including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal products, that you are currently taking. This information will help your healthcare provider identify any potential interactions or contraindications
Remember, this information is not exhaustive, and it’s always advisable to consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for specific instructions and guidance regarding Intelence or any other medication.