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Why is this medication prescribed?
Chest congestion can be relieved with guaifenesin. Although it doesn’t address the underlying cause of symptoms or hasten recovery, guaifenesin may aid in symptom control. Guaifenesin belongs to the group of drugs known as expectorants. To make it simpler to cough up mucus and clear the airways, it thins the mucus in the airways.
How should this medicine be used?
The oral dosage forms of guaifenesin include tablets, capsules, extended-release (long-acting) tablets, granules that dissolve, and syrups (liquids). Every four hours, as needed, the tablets, capsules, dissolving granules, and syrup are typically taken with or without meals. Every 12 hours, the extended-release tablet is often taken with or without food. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions you do not understand, and carefully follow any instructions on the packaging or on the label of your prescription. As directed, take guaifenesin as directed. Never take it in larger or less amounts or more frequently than directed by your doctor.
Guaifenesin is sold both on its own and in combination with decongestants, antihistamines, and cough suppressants. Find out which product is best for your symptoms by consulting your doctor or pharmacist. Before combining two or more over-the-counter cough and cold medications, carefully read the labeling. If you take these products together, you can experience an overdose because they might both contain the same active ingredient. This is crucial if you plan to give children cough and cold drugs.
Products containing guaifenesin, as well as other nonprescription cough and cold remedies, have the potential to be fatal to young infants. Give these goods to kids who are under the age of four not at all. If you provide these goods to kids between the ages of 4 and 11, use caution and pay close attention to the instructions on the container.
Read the package label carefully before giving guaifenesin or a combination product containing guaifenesin to a kid to be sure it is the proper medication for a child of that age. Products containing guaifenesin intended for adults should not be given to children.
Check the package label before giving a child a guaifenesin product to determine how much medication the youngster needs to take. Use the dose on the chart that corresponds to the child’s age. If you are unsure about how much medication to give the child, consult their doctor.
Do not measure your dose if you are consuming the drink with a regular spoon. Use a spoon designed specifically for measuring medication, the measuring cup that came with it, or both.
Take the extended-release pills with a full glass of water, swallowing them whole. Do not eat, shatter, or crush them.
When using the dissolving granules, dispense the entire packet’s contents onto your tongue before swallowing.
Call your doctor if your symptoms don’t go away in 7 days or if you also have a high temperature, a rash, or a persistent headache.
Other uses for this medicine
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you’re interested in using this drug for any other conditions.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking guaifenesin,
- Inform your physician and pharmacist if you have any allergies to guaifenesin, any other medications, or any of the substances in the guaifenesin product you intend to use. An ingredient list can be found on the package label.
- Inform your doctor and pharmacist about all prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal products that you are now taking or intend to use.
- Inform your doctor if you smoke, have or have ever had a cough that produces a lot of mucus (phlegm), or have or have ever had a lung condition like asthma, emphysema, or chronic bronchitis. Inform your doctor if you have kidney illness or a low magnesium diet if you plan to take the dissolving granules.
- Inform your doctor if you are expecting, intend to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking guaifenesin.
- You should be aware that the dissolving granules might be sweetened with aspartame, a source of phenylalanine, if you have phenylketonuria (PKU), an inherited disorder that requires you to follow a particular diet to prevent brain damage that could cause severe intellectual disabilities.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
While using this drug, drink lots of water.
Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Guaifenesin is typically administered as needed. Take the missing dose as soon as you remember it if your doctor has instructed you to take guaifenesin on a regular basis. Skip the missed dose and carry on with your regular dosing plan, nevertheless, if it is almost time for the subsequent dose. Never take two doses at once to make up for missing ones.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Side effects from guaifenesin are possible. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:
Other negative effects of guaifenesin are possible. If you have any strange side effects while taking this medicine, contact your doctor right once.
You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online at http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch or by phone at 1-800-332-1088 if you have a serious side event.
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Keep it at room temperature and out of the bathroom and other places with excessive heat and moisture.
To make sure that pets, kids, and other people cannot take leftover pharmaceuticals, they should be disposed of in a specific manner. You shouldn’t flush this medication down the toilet, though. The best option to get rid of your medication is instead through a medication take-back program. To find out about take-back initiatives in your neighborhood, speak with your pharmacist or get in touch with your city’s waste/recycling department. If you do not have access to a take-back program, you can find more information at the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p).
As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning. http://www.upandaway.org
In case of emergency/overdose
Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.
What other information should I know?
If you have any inquiries about guaifenesin, ask your pharmacist.
You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.
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