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Glucagon Nasal Powder

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Glucagon Nasal Powder is prescribed for the treatment of severe hypoglycemia, which is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels. It is typically used in emergency situations when the person with diabetes is unable to consume carbohydrates orally or is unconscious.

Glucagon Nasal Powder works by increasing blood glucose levels. It stimulates the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose, which is then released into the bloodstream. This helps to rapidly raise blood sugar levels and counteract the effects of hypoglycemia.

How should this medicine be used?

Glucagon Nasal Powder should be used according to the instructions provided by a healthcare professional. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Before administration, remove the cap from the nasal powder device.
  • Insert the tip of the device into one nostril until your fingers touch the outside of the nose.
  • Press the plunger firmly to release the powder.
  • After administering the powder, remove the device from the nostril and discard it. Do not reuse the device.
  • The person should be lying on their back during administration.
  • If the person does not respond within 15 minutes, additional assistance should be sought, as this may indicate the need for further medical attention.

It’s important to note that Glucagon Nasal Powder should be used as an emergency treatment for severe hypoglycemia. Once the person regains consciousness or is able to consume carbohydrates orally, they should eat or drink a source of sugar to help maintain their blood sugar levels. After administering Glucagon Nasal Powder, it is advisable to seek medical follow-up to address the underlying cause of the hypoglycemic event.

Other uses for this medicine

Glucagon Nasal Powder is primarily used for the treatment of severe hypoglycemia. However, it is important to note that Glucagon Nasal Powder is a prescription medication, and its use should be determined by a healthcare professional. They will evaluate your specific medical condition and determine if Glucagon Nasal Powder is appropriate for you.

What special precautions should I follow?

Regarding special precautions, here are a few key points to consider:

  • Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider if you have any known allergies, particularly to glucagon or any other ingredients present in the nasal powder. This information is crucial to avoid potential allergic reactions.
  • Medical history: Provide your healthcare provider with a comprehensive medical history, including any history of adrenal gland problems, pheochromocytoma (a rare tumor of the adrenal gland), or insulinoma (a tumor of the pancreas that produces excessive insulin). These conditions may affect the use of Glucagon Nasal Powder.
  • Medications: Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal products. Certain medications may interact with Glucagon Nasal Powder, potentially altering its effectiveness or increasing the risk of side effects.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, consult your healthcare provider before using Glucagon Nasal Powder. The potential risks and benefits should be discussed to determine the appropriate course of action.
  • Driving and operating machinery: Glucagon Nasal Powder may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision as side effects. It is important to be cautious when engaging in activities that require mental alertness or physical coordination until you know how the medication affects you.
  • Storage and expiration: Follow the storage instructions provided with the medication. Pay attention to the expiration date and do not use Glucagon Nasal Powder beyond the indicated date.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

If you have been prescribed Glucagon Nasal Powder or any other glucagon medication, it is essential to consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for specific dietary instructions. They can provide you with personalized advice based on your medical condition, medication regimen, and any other factors that may be relevant to your situation.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

However, in general, when you forget to take a dose of any medication, it is best to take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. In that case, it is generally recommended to skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. It is important not to take a double dose to make up for the missed one.

To ensure the best course of action for your specific situation, it is essential to reach out to your healthcare professional or pharmacist. They can provide you with accurate and up-to-date information based on your individual circumstances and the specific medication you are taking.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Common side effects associated with the use of glucagon may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Increased heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Increased blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness

These side effects are usually temporary and resolve on their own. However, it’s important to note that individual responses to medication can vary, and some individuals may experience different or more severe side effects.

If you have been prescribed Glucagon Nasal Powder or any other glucagon medication, it’s important to closely follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider and seek medical attention if you experience any unexpected or severe side effects.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Glucagon Nasal Powder is a medication used to treat severe low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) in people with diabetes. Here’s what you should know about its storage, disposal, emergency situations, and other important information:


  • Glucagon Nasal Powder should be stored at room temperature between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F).
  • Keep the medication in its original foil pouch until ready to use.
  • Avoid exposing the powder to high temperatures or moisture.
  • Do not freeze the medication or store it in the refrigerator.


  • Safely dispose of unused or expired Glucagon Nasal Powder according to local regulations or guidelines.
  • Do not dispose of it in household trash or flush it down the toilet unless specifically instructed to do so.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Glucagon Nasal Powder is used in emergency situations when a person with diabetes is unable to consume carbohydrates to treat severe low blood sugar.
  • If a person is experiencing severe hypoglycemia and is unconscious or unable to swallow, administer the glucagon powder into their nostril as directed by healthcare professionals.
  • Call for emergency medical assistance immediately (e.g., 911) after administering the medication.
  • Turn the person on their side to prevent choking if they vomit.
  • Inform healthcare professionals about the glucagon administration once they arrive.

What other information should I know?

  • Glucagon Nasal Powder should only be used by individuals who have been trained by healthcare professionals to recognize the symptoms of severe hypoglycemia and properly administer the medication.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any medical conditions you have and medications you are taking, as it may affect the use of Glucagon Nasal Powder.
  • Regularly check the expiration date of the medication and replace it if expired.
  • Inform family members, close friends, or caregivers about the location of Glucagon Nasal Powder and how to use it in case of emergency.

Please note that the information provided here is for general knowledge and should not replace the specific instructions and advice given by your healthcare provider.

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