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Why is this medication prescribed?

Glipizide is a medication commonly prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonylureas, which work by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas, thereby helping to lower blood sugar levels.

How should this medicine be used?

Here’s how Glipizide is typically used:

  • Dosage: The dosage of Glipizide varies depending on factors such as the patient’s age, medical condition, and response to treatment. It’s crucial to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider.
  • Administration: Glipizide is usually taken orally, with or immediately before meals, as directed by your doctor. It’s essential to take it at the same time(s) each day to maintain a consistent level of medication in your bloodstream.
  • Follow doctor’s instructions: Always follow your doctor’s instructions regarding the dosage and administration of Glipizide. Do not alter the dosage or stop taking the medication without consulting your healthcare provider first.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels is necessary while taking Glipizide to ensure it is effectively managing your diabetes without causing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
  • Diet and Exercise: Glipizide is most effective when used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle modifications recommended by your doctor.
  • Avoid alcohol: Alcohol consumption can interact with Glipizide and increase the risk of hypoglycemia. It’s advisable to limit or avoid alcohol while taking this medication.
  • Hypoglycemia awareness: Be aware of the symptoms of hypoglycemia, such as shakiness, sweating, confusion, and dizziness. Always carry a source of fast-acting glucose, such as glucose tablets or gel, to treat low blood sugar if it occurs.
  • Regular check-ups: Attend scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor to assess the effectiveness of Glipizide and to make any necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.

It’s crucial to use Glipizide exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider to achieve optimal control of your blood sugar levels and minimize the risk of complications associated with diabetes. If you have any questions or concerns about your medication regimen, be sure to discuss them with your doctor or pharmacist.

Other uses for this medicine

While Glipizide is primarily used for the management of type 2 diabetes, it may also have other off-label uses or be prescribed in specific situations as determined by healthcare providers. However, any such use should be discussed thoroughly with a qualified medical professional.

What special precautions should I follow?

Regarding special precautions for using Glipizide, here are some important considerations:

  • Hypoglycemia: Glipizide can cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), especially if not taken as directed or if combined with other medications that lower blood sugar. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and be aware of the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
  • Kidney or liver problems: Individuals with impaired kidney or liver function may require lower doses of Glipizide or closer monitoring while taking the medication.
  • Allergic reactions: Inform your doctor if you have a history of allergic reactions to sulfonylureas or any other medications. Allergic reactions to Glipizide can include rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or trouble breathing.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Glipizide is generally not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding. If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of Glipizide with your doctor.
  • Surgery: Inform your healthcare providers, including surgeons and anesthesiologists, that you are taking Glipizide before undergoing any surgical procedures. You may need to adjust your medication regimen temporarily.
  • Alcohol: Limit alcohol consumption while taking Glipizide, as it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions and guidelines for using Glipizide, and be sure to inform them of any medical conditions you have or medications you are taking to ensure safe and effective treatment.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Special dietary instructions for Glipizide:

  • Consistent Carbohydrate Intake: Try to maintain a consistent intake of carbohydrates throughout the day, as fluctuations in carbohydrate intake can affect blood sugar levels. Your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian can provide personalized guidance on carbohydrate intake.
  • Balanced Diet: Follow a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Limit intake of sugary and high-fat foods.
  • Meal Timing: Take Glipizide with meals or as directed by your healthcare provider to help prevent low blood sugar levels.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of Glipizide, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is close to the time for your next dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are unsure about what to do, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Glipizide, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone experiences them. Common side effects of Glipizide may include:

  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar is the most common side effect of Glipizide. Symptoms may include sweating, shakiness, dizziness, confusion, weakness, hunger, and rapid heartbeat.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: These can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or stomach upset.
  • Weight Gain: Some individuals may experience weight gain while taking Glipizide.
  • Skin Reactions: Rarely, Glipizide may cause skin reactions such as itching, rash, or hives.
  • Photosensitivity: Some people may become more sensitive to sunlight while taking Glipizide.
  • Allergic Reactions: In rare cases, Glipizide can cause severe allergic reactions, including swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, difficulty breathing, and severe rash.
  • Liver Problems: Glipizide may affect liver function in some individuals, leading to abnormal liver enzyme levels.
  • Hematologic Effects: Glipizide can rarely cause blood disorders such as leukopenia (decreased white blood cell count), thrombocytopenia (decreased platelet count), or hemolytic anemia (decreased red blood cell count).
  • Vision Changes: Blurred vision or other vision changes may occur in some individuals.
  • Other Effects: Other potential side effects of Glipizide may include headache, dizziness, weakness, and abnormal taste sensation.

It’s essential to report any side effects you experience while taking Glipizide to your healthcare provider. Additionally, if you experience symptoms of severe hypoglycemia (such as loss of consciousness or seizures) or signs of a severe allergic reaction, seek immediate medical attention. Your healthcare provider can help determine whether Glipizide is the right medication for you and may adjust your dosage or recommend alternative treatments if needed.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal:

  • Storage: Store Glipizide tablets at room temperature away from light and moisture. Avoid storing it in the bathroom. Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets.
  • Disposal: Dispose of unused or expired Glipizide tablets properly according to local regulations or guidelines. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for proper disposal instructions.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Seek Medical Attention: If you suspect an overdose of Glipizide or if someone has ingested it accidentally, call emergency services (such as 911 in the United States) or your local poison control center immediately.
  • Symptoms of Overdose: Symptoms of Glipizide overdose may include severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), which can lead to unconsciousness, seizures, or coma. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, confusion, and dizziness.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitor your blood sugar levels as directed by your healthcare provider while taking Glipizide.
  • Medical Alert: Inform healthcare providers, including dentists and emergency responders, that you are taking Glipizide. It’s a good idea to wear a medical alert bracelet or carry a card indicating that you have diabetes and are taking Glipizide.
  • Follow-Up: Attend regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor your diabetes management and adjust treatment as needed.
  • Lifestyle Changes: In addition to taking Glipizide, adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight to help manage your diabetes effectively.
  • Medication Review: Periodically review all medications you are taking with your healthcare provider to ensure there are no interactions or potential complications.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Limit or avoid alcohol consumption while taking Glipizide, as it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Be Informed: Stay informed about diabetes management, including symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and know how to respond to these situations.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding the use of Glipizide and any additional recommendations specific to your individual health needs.

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