PrescriptionGiant is a FREE prescription savings program that can save you up to 75% on your prescriptions with or without insurance!

Furalan (Generic Nitrofurantoin)

Actual product appearance may differ slightly.

Click the CARD below to print or take a screenshot on your mobile phone or tablet. There is no need to download another app!

If you would like to personalize your card enter your full name in the member name field below the card at this link and click the Update button.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic medication commonly prescribed to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by certain bacteria. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract, thereby helping to alleviate symptoms and clear the infection.

How should this medicine be used?

Here’s how Nitrofurantoin is typically used:

  • Dosage: The dosage of Nitrofurantoin varies depending on the severity of the infection, the patient’s age, weight, and overall health. It’s essential to follow the dosage prescribed by the healthcare provider or as indicated on the prescription label.
  • Frequency: Nitrofurantoin comes as a capsule and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth with food or milk to reduce stomach upset. It’s typically taken two to four times a day, as directed by the healthcare provider.
  • Duration: The duration of treatment with Nitrofurantoin can vary based on the type and severity of the infection. It’s essential to complete the full course of medication even if symptoms improve before the prescribed duration is over. Failure to complete the full course of antibiotics may lead to the reoccurrence of infection or antibiotic resistance.
  • Swallowing: Nitrofurantoin should be swallowed whole with a full glass of water. It’s important not to crush, chew, or break the capsules or tablets, as this can affect the medication’s effectiveness and may increase the risk of side effects.
  • Regular Use: It’s crucial to take Nitrofurantoin at regular intervals as prescribed by the healthcare provider. Skipping doses or not following the prescribed schedule can reduce the medication’s effectiveness and increase the risk of antibiotic resistance.
  • Monitoring: During treatment with Nitrofurantoin, it’s essential to monitor for any side effects or adverse reactions. If any severe or concerning side effects occur, such as difficulty breathing, severe rash, or persistent diarrhea, medical attention should be sought immediately.
  • Completion: Even if symptoms of the UTI improve before completing the full course of Nitrofurantoin, it’s essential to continue taking the medication as prescribed until the entire course is finished. This helps ensure the infection is fully treated and reduces the risk of recurrence or bacterial resistance.

It’s crucial to use Nitrofurantoin exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional and to not share the medication with others, even if they have similar symptoms. Additionally, it’s essential to inform the healthcare provider of any other medications or supplements being taken to prevent potential drug interactions.

Other uses for this medicine

Nitrofurantoin is primarily used for the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by susceptible bacteria. However, it may also be used for other purposes as determined by a healthcare provider. Some off-label uses of Nitrofurantoin may include the treatment or prevention of certain types of bacterial infections, but these uses should be discussed with a healthcare provider.

What special precautions should I follow?

When taking Nitrofurantoin, it’s essential to follow specific precautions to ensure safe and effective use:

  • Allergies: Before taking Nitrofurantoin, it’s crucial to inform the healthcare provider about any known allergies, especially to antibiotics or Nitrofurantoin itself. Individuals with a history of allergic reactions to Nitrofurantoin should avoid using the medication.
  • Medical History: Inform the healthcare provider about any medical conditions, especially kidney disease, liver disease, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, anemia, or any other blood disorders. Nitrofurantoin may require dose adjustments or special monitoring in individuals with certain medical conditions.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Nitrofurantoin is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy, particularly in the early stages, but should only be used if clearly needed and under the supervision of a healthcare provider. It may pass into breast milk, so it’s essential to consult a healthcare provider before using Nitrofurantoin while breastfeeding.
  • Kidney Function: Since Nitrofurantoin is primarily eliminated through the kidneys, it’s important to assess kidney function before and during treatment. Dose adjustments may be necessary in individuals with impaired kidney function to prevent toxicity.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of kidney function, liver function, and blood cell counts may be recommended during treatment with Nitrofurantoin, especially for prolonged courses or in individuals with pre-existing medical conditions.
  • Drug Interactions: Nitrofurantoin may interact with other medications, including antacids containing magnesium trisilicate, certain antibiotics, and drugs that can affect kidney function. Inform the healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and herbal products being taken to avoid potential interactions.
  • Side Effects: Be aware of common side effects of Nitrofurantoin, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, and discoloration of urine. Contact a healthcare provider if any severe or persistent side effects occur.
  • Completion of Treatment: Complete the full course of Nitrofurantoin as prescribed by the healthcare provider, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished. Failure to complete the full course may result in the return of the infection or bacterial resistance.

It’s essential to follow the healthcare provider’s instructions and guidelines for the safe and effective use of Nitrofurantoin. If any questions or concerns arise during treatment, consult a healthcare provider for further guidance.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary restrictions associated with Nitrofurantoin. However, taking the medication with food or milk can help reduce the risk of stomach upset.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you miss a dose of Nitrofurantoin, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Taking extra medication can increase the risk of side effects and may not improve your condition.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Nitrofurantoin, like any medication, can cause side effects. Not everyone will experience these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. Some common side effects of Nitrofurantoin include:

  • Nausea and vomiting: These are among the most common side effects of Nitrofurantoin. Taking the medication with food or milk can help reduce the likelihood of experiencing these symptoms.
  • Diarrhea: Nitrofurantoin can sometimes disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in the digestive tract, leading to diarrhea. If diarrhea becomes severe or persistent, contact your healthcare provider.
  • Headache: Some individuals may experience headaches while taking Nitrofurantoin. Staying hydrated and getting enough rest may help alleviate this symptom.
  • Dizziness or drowsiness: Nitrofurantoin can cause dizziness or drowsiness in some people, especially when starting the medication or if the dosage is increased. It’s important to avoid activities that require mental alertness, such as driving, until you know how Nitrofurantoin affects you.
  • Discoloration of urine: Nitrofurantoin can cause harmless discoloration of urine, turning it a dark yellow or brown color. This is a normal side effect and not a cause for concern.
  • Allergic reactions: In rare cases, Nitrofurantoin can cause allergic reactions, which may manifest as rash, itching, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue, or difficulty breathing. Seek medical attention immediately if you experience any signs of an allergic reaction.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Long-term use of Nitrofurantoin, especially at high doses, may increase the risk of peripheral neuropathy, which involves nerve damage in the extremities. Symptoms may include tingling, numbness, or weakness in the hands or feet. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.
  • Liver problems: Nitrofurantoin can rarely cause liver problems, including hepatitis (inflammation of the liver). Contact your healthcare provider if you experience symptoms such as yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), abdominal pain, or dark urine.

It’s essential to report any side effects you experience while taking Nitrofurantoin to your healthcare provider. They can help determine whether the side effects are manageable or if adjustments to your treatment plan are necessary. Additionally, if you experience severe or persistent side effects, seek medical attention promptly.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal:

  • Storage: Store Nitrofurantoin at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep the medication in its original packaging and out of reach of children and pets.
  • Disposal: Dispose of expired or unused Nitrofurantoin properly according to local regulations or guidelines. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Consult your pharmacist or healthcare provider for guidance on proper disposal methods.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Emergency: If you suspect an overdose or experience severe symptoms after taking Nitrofurantoin, such as difficulty breathing, seizures, or loss of consciousness, seek emergency medical attention immediately. Call your local emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room.
  • Overdose: Overdose symptoms of Nitrofurantoin may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, weakness, and difficulty breathing. If you or someone you know has taken too much Nitrofurantoin, contact a poison control center or seek medical help promptly.

What other information should I know?

  • Follow-up: Attend all follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider as scheduled. They may need to monitor your response to Nitrofurantoin and adjust your treatment plan accordingly.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Nitrofurantoin, as it may increase the risk of certain side effects and reduce the effectiveness of the medication.
  • Complete the Course: Complete the full course of Nitrofurantoin as prescribed by your healthcare provider, even if you start to feel better before the medication is finished. Stopping the medication prematurely may lead to the return of the infection or bacterial resistance.
  • Inform Healthcare Providers: Inform any healthcare provider involved in your care (such as dentists, surgeons, or emergency room staff) that you are taking Nitrofurantoin. This medication may interact with other drugs or affect certain medical procedures.
  • Avoid Sun Exposure: Nitrofurantoin may increase sensitivity to sunlight, so take precautions to protect your skin from sunburn while taking this medication. Use sunscreen, wear protective clothing, and avoid prolonged sun exposure when possible.
  • Keep Medication Accessible: Keep Nitrofurantoin readily accessible but out of reach of children and pets. Do not share your medication with others, even if they have similar symptoms.

Always follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider and pharmacist when taking Nitrofurantoin. If you have any questions or concerns about its use, storage, or disposal, don’t hesitate to ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for clarification.

Copyright © 2023