PrescriptionGiant is a FREE prescription savings program that can save you up to 75% on your prescriptions with or without insurance!

Eprontia (Generic Topiramate)

Actual product appearance may differ slightly.

Click the CARD below to print or take a screenshot on your mobile phone or tablet. There is no need to download another app!

If you would like to personalize your card enter your full name in the member name field below the card at this link and click the Update button.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Topiramate is a medication primarily prescribed for the treatment of epilepsy and prevention of migraines. It belongs to a class of drugs known as anticonvulsants or antiepileptic drugs.

  • Epilepsy: Topiramate is used alone or in combination with other medications to control seizures in people with epilepsy. It helps in reducing the frequency and severity of seizures.
  • Migraine Prevention: Topiramate is also prescribed for the prevention of migraine headaches in adults. It can reduce the frequency, severity, and duration of migraine attacks.

How should this medicine be used?

As for how it should be used:

  • Dosage: The dosage of topiramate varies depending on the condition being treated, the individual’s response to the medication, and other factors. It is typically started at a low dose and gradually increased to minimize side effects.
  • Administration: Topiramate is usually taken orally in the form of tablets or capsules. It can be taken with or without food. For epilepsy, it is often taken twice daily. For migraine prevention, it is usually taken once daily.
  • Follow doctor’s instructions: It’s important to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Do not adjust the dosage or stop taking the medication without consulting your doctor, as suddenly stopping topiramate can lead to withdrawal symptoms or an increase in seizures or migraines.
  • Stay hydrated: It’s recommended to drink plenty of fluids while taking topiramate to reduce the risk of kidney stones, a potential side effect of the medication.
  • Regular monitoring: Your doctor may monitor your response to topiramate and adjust the dosage accordingly. They may also monitor for any side effects or complications.
  • Be aware of side effects: Common side effects of topiramate include drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and changes in taste sensation. It can also cause more serious side effects such as mood changes, vision problems, and kidney stones. If you experience any concerning side effects, notify your doctor.

Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice regarding the use of topiramate and any other medications.

Other uses for this medicine

Other uses for Topiramate include off-label uses for various conditions such as bipolar disorder, weight loss, alcohol dependence, and neuropathic pain. However, using Topiramate for these conditions should only be done under the guidance and supervision of a healthcare professional.

What special precautions should I follow?

When taking topiramate, there are several special precautions to keep in mind:

  • Kidney stones: Topiramate can increase the risk of kidney stone formation, especially in those with a history of kidney stones. To help reduce this risk, it’s important to stay well-hydrated and drink plenty of fluids while taking the medication.
  • Glaucoma: Topiramate has been associated with an increased risk of glaucoma, particularly angle-closure glaucoma. If you experience symptoms such as eye pain, blurred vision, or sudden onset of visual disturbances, seek medical attention immediately.
  • Mood changes: Some individuals may experience mood changes, including depression, anxiety, agitation, and suicidal thoughts or behavior while taking topiramate. If you notice any significant changes in mood or behavior, notify your doctor promptly.
  • Cognitive impairment: Topiramate can cause cognitive side effects such as difficulty concentrating, memory problems, and confusion, especially at higher doses. Use caution when operating machinery or performing tasks that require mental alertness until you know how the medication affects you.
  • Birth defects: Topiramate may increase the risk of birth defects if taken during pregnancy, particularly in the first trimester. Women of childbearing age should use effective contraception while taking topiramate and discuss the potential risks and benefits with their healthcare provider.
  • Interactions: Topiramate may interact with other medications, including certain antidepressants, antiepileptic drugs, and oral contraceptives. Inform your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking to avoid potential interactions.
  • Alcohol: Alcohol consumption may increase the risk of certain side effects of topiramate, such as dizziness and drowsiness. Limit alcohol intake while taking topiramate.
  • Heat intolerance: Topiramate may impair the body’s ability to regulate temperature, leading to an increased risk of heat-related disorders. Avoid excessive exposure to heat and stay hydrated, especially during hot weather or when engaging in physical activity.
  • Surgery: Inform your surgeon and healthcare providers that you are taking topiramate before undergoing any surgical procedures, including dental surgery. The medication may affect anesthesia and recovery.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and advice when taking topiramate, and promptly report any concerning symptoms or side effects.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

In addition to the special precautions mentioned earlier, there are specific dietary instructions and recommendations for taking topiramate:

  • Dietary instructions: While taking topiramate, it’s essential to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle. However, there are no specific dietary restrictions associated with topiramate use. Some people may experience changes in taste or appetite while taking the medication, which could affect food preferences. If you notice any significant changes in appetite or dietary habits, discuss them with your healthcare provider.
  • Hydration: Staying well-hydrated is important while taking topiramate to reduce the risk of kidney stone formation, a potential side effect of the medication. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, especially water.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you miss a dose of topiramate, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are unsure about what to do, contact your healthcare provider or pharmacist for advice.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Topiramate, like any medication, can cause side effects. Not everyone experiences these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. Common side effects of topiramate include:

  • Drowsiness: Feeling tired or drowsy is a common side effect of topiramate, especially when first starting the medication or when the dosage is increased.
  • Dizziness: Some individuals may experience dizziness or lightheadedness while taking topiramate, which can increase the risk of falls, especially when standing up quickly.
  • Cognitive impairment: Topiramate can affect cognitive function, leading to difficulty concentrating, memory problems, confusion, or slowed thinking.
  • Changes in mood: Some people may experience changes in mood or behavior while taking topiramate, including depression, anxiety, irritability, or mood swings.
  • Tingling sensations: Topiramate can cause tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, known as paresthesia.
  • Changes in taste: Alterations in taste sensation, such as a metallic or bitter taste, are common side effects of topiramate.
  • Loss of appetite: Some individuals may experience decreased appetite or weight loss while taking topiramate.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain may occur, especially during the initial stages of treatment.
  • Vision problems: Topiramate can cause vision-related side effects such as blurred vision, double vision, or eye pain. It may also increase the risk of glaucoma.
  • Kidney stones: There is a risk of kidney stone formation associated with topiramate use, particularly in individuals with a history of kidney stones or other risk factors.
  • Suicidal thoughts: In rare cases, topiramate may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or behaviors, particularly in young adults or individuals with preexisting mental health conditions.

It’s important to note that not all individuals will experience these side effects, and some side effects may diminish over time as the body adjusts to the medication. However, if you experience any concerning or persistent side effects while taking topiramate, it’s essential to inform your healthcare provider promptly. They can provide guidance on managing side effects or adjust your treatment regimen as needed.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal of topiramate:

  • Storage:
    • Store topiramate tablets or capsules at room temperature away from light and moisture.
    • Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets.
    • Do not store topiramate in the bathroom, as moisture and humidity can degrade the medication.
  • Disposal:
    • Dispose of expired or unused topiramate properly according to local regulations or guidelines.
    • Do not flush medications down the toilet unless instructed to do so by the medication guide or your pharmacist.
    • Consult with your pharmacist or local waste disposal facility for guidance on how to safely dispose of medications.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • In case of an overdose of topiramate, seek emergency medical attention or contact a poison control center immediately.
  • Symptoms of overdose may include extreme drowsiness, agitation, confusion, blurred vision, slurred speech, or loss of consciousness.

What other information should I know?

  • Inform all healthcare providers involved in your care that you are taking topiramate, including dentists, surgeons, and emergency medical personnel.
  • Attend regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor your response to topiramate and adjust your treatment regimen as needed.
  • Carry a medical alert card or wear a medical alert bracelet indicating that you are taking topiramate, especially if you have epilepsy or another condition that may require emergency medical treatment.
  • Avoid abruptly discontinuing topiramate without consulting your healthcare provider, as sudden withdrawal can lead to withdrawal symptoms or worsening of your condition.
  • Keep a list of all medications you are taking, including prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and supplements, and share this list with your healthcare provider to avoid potential drug interactions.

By following these guidelines and staying informed about the proper use, storage, disposal, and emergency procedures related to topiramate, you can help ensure the safe and effective management of your medication regimen. Always consult with your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about topiramate or any other medications you are taking.

Copyright © 2023