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Why is this medication prescribed?
Ophthalmic epinastine is used to treat allergic conjunctivitis, a disorder that causes the eyes to itch, swell, turn red, and become watery when exposed to specific airborne allergens. The drug epinastine belongs to the antihistamine drug class. It functions by halting the release of organic compounds that lead to allergic responses in the eyes.
How should this medicine be used?
To be injected into the eyes, ophthalmic epinastine is available as a solution (liquid). Typically, it is administered twice day. Epinephrine eye drops should be applied twice daily, often in the morning and evening. Ask your doctor or chemist to explain any instructions on your prescription label that you are unsure about following. Epinastine eye drops must be used exactly as prescribed. Use these only as directed by your doctor, neither more nor less often.
Only the eyes may be treated with epinastine eye drops. Do not ingest this medicine.
Only when used frequently do epinastine eye drops minimise the irritation of allergic conjunctivitis. If you only use epinastine eye drops when you have symptoms, they won’t work. Even if you feel well, keep applying epinastine eye drops to your eyes. Without consulting your doctor, never stop taking epinastine eye drops.
Be careful not to let the bottle tip touch your eye, fingers, face, or any other surface when using epinastine eye drops. Bacteria might enter the eye drops if the tip does come into contact with another surface. Using bacterially contaminated eye drops can seriously harm the eye and even result in blindness. Call your doctor or chemist if you believe your eye drops are tainted.
Follow these steps to administer the eye drops:
- Use soap and water to thoroughly wash your hands.
- Make sure the dropper tip is not broken or chipped by inspecting it.
- Eye drops and droppers must be kept clean; avoid contacting the dropper tip to your eye or anything else.
- Pull your lower eyelid down to create a pocket with your index finger while cocking your head back.
- With your other hand, place the dropper as near to your eye as you can without touching it, tip down.
- Place the hand’s remaining fingers to your face.
- Squeeze the dropper gently while looking up so that a single drop falls into the lower eyelid’s pocket. Your index finger should be taken off the lower eyelid.
- Tip your head down so that you are looking at the floor while closing your eyes for two to three minutes. Avoid blinking or squeezing your eyelids.
- Give the tear duct a slight squeeze with your finger.
- Use a tissue to remove any extra liquid from your face.
- Wait at least 5 minutes before administering the subsequent drop if you need to use more than one in the same eye.
- Replace and secure the dropper bottle’s cap. Never rinse or clean the dropper tip.
- To get rid of any medication, wash your hands.
Other uses for this medicine
Ask your doctor or chemist for more details if you believe this drug should be used for something else.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before using epinastine eye drops,
- If you have any pharmaceutical allergies, be sure to let your doctor and chemist know.
- Inform your doctor and chemist about any additional prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, herbal items, and nutritional supplements you are taking. Your physician might need to change the dosage of your drugs or keep a close eye on you for side effects.
- Inform your doctor if you are expecting, intend to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking epinastine.
- If you wear contact lenses, let your doctor know. If your eyes are red or itchy, you shouldn’t wear contact lenses, and you shouldn’t treat eye discomfort that you suspect may be brought on by contact lenses with epinastine eye drops. Additionally, you shouldn’t use epinastine eye drops if you’re wearing contacts. Before applying epinastine eye drops, take off your contact lenses, and wait at least 10 minutes before putting them back in. It could be more convenient for you to use the eye drops before putting on your lenses in the morning and after taking them out at night.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
The missed dose should be administered as soon as you remember. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not provide a second dose.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Side effects are possible with epinastine eye drops. It could be challenging to determine whether the symptoms you encounter are caused by allergies or are side effects of epinastine eye drops. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:
- Itching or burning eyes
- Enlarged eyelids
- Eye rashes
- Clogged nose
Some adverse effects can be very harmful. Give your doctor a call right away if you develop any of the following signs or symptoms:
- Unwell throat
- Fever, chills, and other infection-related symptoms
Other adverse effects from epinastine eye drops are possible. If you experience any strange issues while taking this drug, call your doctor right away.
You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online at http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch or by phone at 1-800-332-1088 if you have a serious side event.
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Keep it at room temperature and out of the bathroom and other places with excessive heat and moisture.
Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilizing a medicine take-back program is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programs in your area, speak with your chemist or the garbage/recycling agency in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back program, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p for additional information.
As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning.http://www.upandaway.org
In case of emergency/overdose
Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.
What other information should I know?
Keep all of your doctor’s appointments.
Do not share your medication with anybody else. Any queries you may have regarding prescription refills should be directed to your chemist.
You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.