PrescriptionGiant is a FREE prescription savings program that can save you up to 75% on your prescriptions with or without insurance!

Endocodone (Generic Oxycodone)

Actual product appearance may differ slightly.

Click the CARD below to print or take a screenshot on your mobile phone or tablet. There is no need to download another app!

If you would like to personalize your card enter your full name in the member name field below the card at this link and click the Update button.


Oxycodone is a potent opioid medication primarily used for managing moderate to severe pain. While it can be effective for pain relief, it also carries several risks, including:

  • Addiction: Oxycodone has a high potential for addiction and dependency. Prolonged use can lead to physical and psychological dependence, where individuals may feel compelled to continue using it despite negative consequences.
  • Respiratory depression: Oxycodone can slow down breathing, especially when taken in high doses or combined with other central nervous system depressants like alcohol or benzodiazepines. Respiratory depression can be life-threatening if not promptly addressed.
  • Tolerance: Over time, individuals may develop tolerance to the effects of oxycodone, requiring higher doses to achieve the same level of pain relief. This escalation in dosage increases the risk of overdose and other adverse effects.
  • Withdrawal symptoms: Abrupt discontinuation of oxycodone after prolonged use can lead to withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, muscle aches, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Withdrawal can be extremely uncomfortable and may contribute to continued use of the drug.
  • Overdose: Taking too much oxycodone can result in overdose, characterized by severe respiratory depression, coma, and even death. Combining oxycodone with other drugs, especially other opioids or central nervous system depressants, further increases the risk of overdose.
  • Central nervous system effects: Oxycodone can cause drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, and impaired judgment, affecting a person’s ability to perform tasks requiring mental alertness, such as driving or operating machinery.
  • Gastrointestinal effects: Common side effects of oxycodone include constipation, nausea, and vomiting. Prolonged use can lead to gastrointestinal issues such as bowel obstruction or perforation.
  • Hormonal effects: Chronic use of opioids like oxycodone can disrupt hormonal balance, leading to issues such as reduced libido, infertility, and irregular menstrual cycles.

It’s essential for individuals prescribed oxycodone to use it exactly as directed by their healthcare provider, to be aware of the potential risks, and to seek medical attention if they experience any concerning symptoms. Additionally, alternatives for pain management, such as physical therapy, non-opioid medications, and psychological interventions, should be explored whenever possible to minimize the risks associated with opioids.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Oxycodone is prescribed primarily for the management of moderate to severe pain that is expected to last for an extended period. It belongs to the class of medications known as opioids, which work by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, thereby reducing the perception of pain.

Oxycodone is typically used in the following scenarios:

  • Chronic Pain: It may be prescribed for chronic pain conditions such as cancer pain, neuropathic pain, or severe arthritis when other treatments are ineffective.
  • Post-Surgical Pain: Oxycodone may be used after surgery to manage acute pain during the recovery period.
  • Trauma or Injury: It can also be prescribed for acute pain resulting from traumatic injuries or accidents.

How should this medicine be used?

It’s essential to use oxycodone responsibly and exactly as prescribed by a healthcare provider. Here are some general guidelines for its use:

  • Dosage: The dosage of oxycodone varies depending on factors such as the severity of pain, the patient’s response to the medication, and any other medications they may be taking. It’s crucial to follow the prescribed dosage carefully and not to exceed the recommended amount.
  • Administration: Oxycodone is usually taken orally in the form of immediate-release tablets or capsules. Extended-release formulations are also available for around-the-clock pain management. It’s essential to swallow the tablets or capsules whole and not to crush, chew, or dissolve them, as this can lead to a rapid release of the medication and increase the risk of overdose.
  • Frequency: The dosing frequency varies depending on the formulation of oxycodone being used. Immediate-release formulations are typically taken every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain, while extended-release formulations are taken every 12 hours or as directed by a healthcare provider.
  • Monitoring: Patients prescribed oxycodone should be closely monitored for signs of effectiveness, side effects, and potential misuse or dependency. Healthcare providers may adjust the dosage or switch to alternative treatments if necessary.
  • Discontinuation: Oxycodone should not be stopped abruptly, as this can lead to withdrawal symptoms. If discontinuation is necessary, healthcare providers will typically taper the dosage gradually to minimize withdrawal effects.
  • Caution with Other Substances: It’s essential to avoid alcohol and other central nervous system depressants while taking oxycodone, as this can increase the risk of respiratory depression and other adverse effects.

Overall, oxycodone should be used judiciously under the supervision of a healthcare provider to ensure safe and effective pain management while minimizing the risk of addiction, overdose, and other complications.

Other uses for this medicine

Some of the off-label uses of oxycodone may include:

  • Cough: Oxycodone may be used off-label as a cough suppressant, particularly in situations where other treatments have been ineffective. However, this use is less common due to the risk of respiratory depression and other side effects associated with opioids.
  • Severe Diarrhea: In some cases of severe diarrhea that does not respond to other treatments, oxycodone may be used to help slow down bowel motility and reduce diarrhea. However, this use is generally reserved for specific situations and closely monitored by healthcare providers.
  • Palliative Care: Oxycodone may be used off-label in palliative care settings to manage symptoms such as dyspnea (difficulty breathing) or agitation in patients with advanced illnesses, such as cancer or end-stage heart failure.

What special precautions should I follow?

When using oxycodone, several special precautions should be followed to ensure safe and effective use:

  • Medical History: Inform your healthcare provider about any medical conditions you have, especially respiratory conditions, liver or kidney disease, history of substance abuse, or mental health disorders.
  • Other Medications: Inform your healthcare provider about all other medications you are taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, supplements, and herbal remedies. Some medications may interact with oxycodone, increasing the risk of side effects or reducing its effectiveness.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Oxycodone should be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, as the risks and benefits of oxycodone use during these periods need to be carefully considered.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Avoid consuming alcohol while taking oxycodone, as it can increase the risk of side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, and respiratory depression.
  • Driving and Operating Machinery: Oxycodone may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or impaired judgment, which can affect your ability to drive or operate machinery safely. Avoid such activities until you know how oxycodone affects you.
  • Storage and Disposal: Store oxycodone securely out of reach of children and pets, and dispose of any unused medication properly according to local guidelines to prevent accidental ingestion or misuse.
  • Follow Prescribing Instructions: Take oxycodone exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not increase the dosage or frequency without consulting them first, and do not share your medication with others.

By following these precautions and guidelines, you can help ensure safe and effective use of oxycodone for pain management or other approved purposes. Always consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns about using oxycodone.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Regarding special dietary instructions for oxycodone, there are no specific dietary restrictions associated with its use. However, it’s essential to maintain a balanced diet and stay hydrated while taking oxycodone to support overall health and wellbeing.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of oxycodone, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed dose, as this can increase the risk of side effects or overdose. If you have any concerns or questions about missed doses, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Oxycodone, like other opioids, can cause a range of side effects, which may vary in severity and frequency among individuals. Common side effects of oxycodone include:

  • Drowsiness: Feeling sleepy or fatigued is a common side effect of oxycodone. This can impair your ability to concentrate or operate machinery safely.
  • Dizziness: Many people experience dizziness or lightheadedness while taking oxycodone, especially when standing up quickly.
  • Constipation: Opioids such as oxycodone often cause constipation, which can be bothersome for some individuals. It’s essential to maintain adequate hydration and consider dietary changes or over-the-counter remedies if constipation becomes problematic.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Some people may experience nausea or vomiting when taking oxycodone, especially when first starting the medication. This side effect may improve over time or with adjustments to the dosage or timing of the medication.
  • Dry mouth: Oxycodone can cause dry mouth, which may contribute to dental issues such as tooth decay or gum disease if not managed properly.
  • Itching: Itching or pruritus is a common side effect of opioids like oxycodone, although it is usually mild and not a cause for concern.
  • Sweating: Some individuals may experience increased sweating while taking oxycodone, particularly at higher doses.
  • Respiratory depression: One of the most severe side effects of oxycodone is respiratory depression, where breathing becomes slow or shallow. This is more likely to occur at higher doses or when oxycodone is combined with other central nervous system depressants.
  • Hypotension: Oxycodone can cause low blood pressure, especially when standing up quickly. This may lead to dizziness or fainting.
  • Urinary retention: In some cases, oxycodone can cause difficulty urinating or urinary retention, particularly in individuals with pre-existing urinary tract issues.

It’s essential to report any side effects you experience while taking oxycodone to your healthcare provider. They can provide guidance on managing side effects and may adjust your treatment regimen if necessary. Additionally, seek immediate medical attention if you experience signs of a severe allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, or severe itching or rash.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal of oxycodone:

  • Storage: Keep oxycodone securely stored in a locked cabinet or other secure location, out of reach of children, pets, and individuals who may misuse it. Store oxycodone at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze oxycodone.
  • Disposal: Dispose of unused or expired oxycodone properly to prevent accidental ingestion or misuse. You can dispose of oxycodone by following local guidelines for medication disposal. Many pharmacies and law enforcement agencies offer drug take-back programs for safe disposal. If a take-back program is not available, you can mix the unused medication with an undesirable substance (such as coffee grounds or cat litter) in a sealed plastic bag and throw it in the trash. Remove any personal information from the medication packaging before disposal.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Call Emergency Services: If you suspect an overdose of oxycodone or someone is experiencing severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, loss of consciousness, or unresponsiveness, call emergency services immediately (e.g., 911 in the United States).
  • Administer Naloxone: If you have access to naloxone, an opioid overdose reversal medication, administer it according to the instructions provided. Naloxone can temporarily reverse the effects of opioid overdose and is available as an injectable solution, nasal spray, or auto-injector device.
  • Provide Support: Stay with the individual until emergency medical help arrives. If the person is unconscious, place them in the recovery position on their side to help prevent choking on vomit.

What other information should I know?

  • Follow Prescribing Instructions: Take oxycodone exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not adjust the dosage or frequency without consulting them first.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Avoid consuming alcohol while taking oxycodone, as it can increase the risk of side effects and overdose.
  • Driving and Operating Machinery: Be cautious when driving or operating machinery, as oxycodone may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or impaired judgment.
  • Medical Alert: Inform healthcare providers, including dentists and emergency responders, that you are taking oxycodone, as it can interact with other medications and affect treatment decisions.
  • Regular Follow-up: Attend regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor the effectiveness and safety of oxycodone therapy. Report any concerns or changes in symptoms promptly.

By following these guidelines and staying informed about oxycodone use, you can help ensure safe and effective pain management while minimizing the risk of adverse events or misuse.

Copyright © 2023