PrescriptionGiant is a FREE prescription savings program that can save you up to 75% on your prescriptions with or without insurance!


Actual product appearance may differ slightly.

Click the CARD below to print or take a screenshot on your mobile phone or tablet. There is no need to download another app!

If you would like to personalize your card enter your full name in the member name field below the card at this link and click the Update button.


Enalapril is a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. While it’s generally effective for these conditions, like any medication, it carries some risks. Here are some potential risks associated with taking Enalapril:

  • Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure): Enalapril can cause a drop in blood pressure, especially when standing up suddenly, leading to dizziness or fainting.
  • Hyperkalemia (High Potassium Levels): Enalapril may cause an increase in potassium levels in the blood, which can be dangerous, particularly for people with kidney problems.
  • Kidney Dysfunction: Enalapril can affect kidney function, especially in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
  • Angioedema: This is a rare but serious side effect that involves swelling of the deeper layers of the skin, often around the face, lips, tongue, throat, and sometimes the intestines.
  • Cough: Enalapril can sometimes cause a persistent dry cough in some individuals, which may necessitate discontinuation of the medication.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some people may experience allergic reactions to Enalapril, which can range from mild skin rashes to severe anaphylaxis.
  • Fetal Toxicity: Enalapril is not recommended during pregnancy as it can harm the developing fetus, leading to birth defects or even fetal death.
  • Electrolyte Imbalance: Enalapril can disrupt the balance of electrolytes in the body, such as sodium and potassium, which can have various adverse effects.
  • Interactions: Enalapril may interact with other medications or substances, potentially leading to adverse effects or reduced efficacy.

It’s essential for individuals prescribed Enalapril to discuss these risks with their healthcare provider and to report any concerning symptoms experienced while taking the medication. Additionally, regular monitoring by a healthcare professional can help mitigate potential risks and ensure the safe use of Enalapril.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Enalapril is prescribed primarily for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and heart failure. It belongs to a class of medications called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Enalapril works by blocking the action of an enzyme that causes blood vessels to constrict, leading to relaxation of the blood vessels and lowering of blood pressure. This helps improve blood flow and reduces the workload on the heart, making it an effective treatment for both conditions.

Enalapril may also be used in the management of certain types of kidney disease, such as diabetic nephropathy, to help protect the kidneys and slow down the progression of kidney damage.

How should this medicine be used?

When using Enalapril, it’s essential to follow the prescribed dosage and instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Typically, Enalapril is taken orally once or twice a day, with or without food. The dosage may vary depending on the individual’s condition and response to treatment. It’s crucial to take Enalapril regularly and consistently to get the maximum benefit from the medication.

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

It’s essential to avoid sudden discontinuation of Enalapril without consulting your healthcare provider, as abruptly stopping the medication can lead to a rebound increase in blood pressure or worsening of heart failure symptoms.

Before starting Enalapril, inform your healthcare provider about any other medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking, as well as any medical conditions you may have, particularly kidney disease, liver disease, or diabetes.

Regular monitoring of blood pressure, kidney function, and electrolyte levels may be necessary while taking Enalapril to ensure its effectiveness and safety. Always consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns about the use of Enalapril.

Other uses for this medicine

Besides the aforementioned uses, there are some other potential uses for Enalapril, although they are less common and may be prescribed off-label. These include:

  • Diabetic Nephropathy: Enalapril might be used to help protect the kidneys in people with diabetes and kidney problems.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Enalapril can be used to slow the progression of kidney disease in certain cases.
  • Left Ventricular Dysfunction: It may be used to treat patients with left ventricular dysfunction and asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions to be followed when taking Enalapril include:

  • Kidney Function: Since Enalapril can affect kidney function, it’s crucial to monitor kidney function regularly, especially in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease. Dosage adjustments may be necessary based on kidney function.
  • Potassium Levels: Enalapril can increase potassium levels in the blood, particularly in people with kidney problems. Regular monitoring of potassium levels is essential, and potassium supplements or potassium-sparing diuretics should be used cautiously with Enalapril.
  • Pregnancy: Enalapril should not be used during pregnancy due to the risk of fetal harm, including birth defects or death. Women of childbearing age should use effective contraception while taking Enalapril.
  • Angioedema: Enalapril can rarely cause angioedema, a serious allergic reaction characterized by swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat, or intestines. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience symptoms of angioedema.
  • Cough: Enalapril can cause a persistent dry cough in some individuals. If this occurs, consult your healthcare provider, as they may need to switch you to a different medication.
  • Interactions: Inform your healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as Enalapril can interact with certain drugs, including potassium supplements, diuretics, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and discuss any concerns or questions you have about Enalapril or its use.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary restrictions associated with Enalapril. However, it’s generally recommended to follow a healthy, balanced diet low in sodium and rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to help manage hypertension and heart failure. Avoid excessive alcohol consumption, as it can increase the risk of low blood pressure and other adverse effects associated with Enalapril.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of Enalapril, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one. If you’re unsure about what to do, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for guidance. It’s important to maintain a consistent dosing schedule to get the maximum benefit from Enalapril.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Enalapril, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone experiences them. Common side effects of Enalapril may include:

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness: Especially when standing up quickly, due to a drop in blood pressure.
  • Cough: A persistent, dry cough is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors like Enalapril. If this occurs, inform your healthcare provider.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak may occur, particularly at the beginning of treatment.
  • Headache: Some people may experience headaches while taking Enalapril.
  • Nausea or vomiting: These gastrointestinal symptoms may occur but are typically mild and temporary.
  • Rash: Skin rash or itching may develop in some individuals.
  • Hyperkalemia: Enalapril can cause elevated levels of potassium in the blood, which may lead to symptoms like weakness, abnormal heart rhythm, or numbness.
  • Angioedema: Though rare, Enalapril can cause swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat, or intestines, which requires immediate medical attention.
  • Kidney problems: In some cases, Enalapril can affect kidney function, particularly in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
  • Hypotension: A sudden drop in blood pressure can occur, especially during the initial stages of treatment.
  • Electrolyte imbalances: Enalapril may disrupt the balance of electrolytes in the body, such as sodium and potassium.
  • Allergic reactions: Severe allergic reactions to Enalapril are rare but can occur.

It’s essential to report any side effects to your healthcare provider, especially if they are severe, persistent, or concerning. They can help manage side effects and adjust your treatment if necessary. Additionally, some side effects may require immediate medical attention, such as symptoms of angioedema or signs of a severe allergic reaction. Always follow your healthcare provider’s advice regarding the use of Enalapril and any other medications.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

When it comes to storage and disposal of Enalapril, here’s what you should know:


  • Keep Enalapril tablets in their original container, tightly closed, and out of reach of children.
  • Store Enalapril at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
  • Avoid storing Enalapril in the bathroom, where it may be exposed to moisture or humidity.
  • Do not freeze Enalapril tablets.
  • If your Enalapril tablets come in a blister pack, keep them in the blister until you are ready to take them. Do not remove tablets from the blister pack until it’s time for your dose.


  • Dispose of expired or unused Enalapril tablets properly.
  • Do not flush Enalapril down the toilet or pour it down the drain unless instructed to do so by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
  • Check with your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for proper disposal instructions. They may have a take-back program or provide specific guidelines for disposing of medications safely.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of emergency or overdose of Enalapril, seek immediate medical attention or contact your local poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include dizziness, fainting, rapid or irregular heartbeat, and extreme weakness.

What other information should I know?

  • Inform all your healthcare providers, including dentists, about all the medications you are taking, including Enalapril. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, herbal, and dietary supplements.
  • Attend all scheduled appointments with your healthcare provider for monitoring of your condition and response to treatment.
  • Do not stop taking Enalapril without consulting your healthcare provider, even if you feel well. Stopping suddenly can worsen your condition.
  • Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes to help manage your condition effectively.
  • Keep a list of all medications you take, including Enalapril, and carry it with you at all times in case of emergencies.
  • If you have any questions or concerns about Enalapril or its use, don’t hesitate to consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for clarification and guidance.
Copyright © 2023