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Empirin (Generic Aspirin)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Empirin is a brand name for aspirin, which is a commonly used medication with various purposes. It is primarily prescribed for its analgesic (pain-relieving), antipyretic (fever-reducing), and anti-inflammatory properties. Here’s why it’s prescribed for different conditions:

  • Pain relief: Aspirin is often used to alleviate mild to moderate pain, such as headaches, toothaches, menstrual cramps, and muscle aches.
  • Fever reduction: It can also help reduce fever, which is why it’s commonly used to manage fever associated with infections or illnesses.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Aspirin can reduce inflammation, making it useful in conditions like arthritis, where joint inflammation causes pain and stiffness.
  • Prevention of heart attacks and strokes: In low doses, aspirin is sometimes prescribed to help prevent heart attacks and strokes in individuals at risk due to its blood-thinning properties. It can help prevent blood clot formation, which reduces the risk of clot-related cardiovascular events.

How should this medicine be used?

As for how Empirin (aspirin) should be used, it’s important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider or as directed on the medication label. Here are some general guidelines:

  • Dosage: The dosage can vary depending on the condition being treated. It’s essential to take the correct dosage as prescribed by your doctor. Dosages can vary from low (81 mg) to high (325 mg or more) depending on the intended use.
  • Frequency: Aspirin is usually taken orally with a full glass of water. The frequency of dosage can vary depending on the condition being treated. It’s typically taken every 4 to 6 hours for pain relief or fever reduction, but for cardiovascular protection, it might be taken once daily.
  • Do not chew or crush: Swallow the tablets whole with water unless your doctor advises otherwise. Chewing or crushing aspirin tablets can increase the risk of stomach irritation or bleeding.
  • Take with food or milk: Taking aspirin with food or milk can help reduce the risk of stomach upset.
  • Follow doctor’s instructions: Always follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist. If you have any questions or concerns about how to use Empirin or any other medication, be sure to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

It’s important to note that aspirin, like any medication, can have side effects and interactions with other medications, so it’s essential to use it only as directed and to inform your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.

Other uses for this medicine

Empirin (Aspirin) has various other uses besides pain relief and fever reduction, including:

  • Prevention of heart attacks and strokes: Low-dose aspirin is often prescribed to individuals at risk of heart attack or stroke to help prevent blood clot formation.
  • Reducing the risk of certain cancers: Some research suggests that regular aspirin use may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer and possibly other types of cancer.
  • Treatment of certain cardiovascular conditions: Aspirin may be used in the treatment of certain cardiovascular conditions, such as Kawasaki disease or acute coronary syndrome.

What special precautions should I follow?

When taking Empirin (aspirin), there are several special precautions to keep in mind:

  • Allergies: If you are allergic to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), you should avoid taking Empirin.
  • Gastrointestinal effects: Aspirin can irritate the stomach lining and increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding or ulcers, especially when taken in high doses or for long periods. Individuals with a history of stomach ulcers or gastrointestinal bleeding should use Empirin with caution.
  • Bleeding risk: Aspirin thins the blood and can increase the risk of bleeding, especially in individuals with certain medical conditions (such as bleeding disorders) or those taking blood-thinning medications like warfarin. Caution should be exercised when using Empirin in such cases.
  • Children and teenagers: Aspirin should not be given to children or teenagers with fever or viral infections, as it has been associated with Reye’s syndrome, a rare but serious condition that can cause liver and brain damage.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult with their healthcare provider before using Empirin, as it may not be suitable for use during certain stages of pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
  • Drug interactions: Aspirin can interact with other medications, including blood thinners, certain blood pressure medications, and some herbal supplements. Inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you are taking before using Empirin.
  • Alcohol: Avoid excessive alcohol consumption while taking Empirin, as it can increase the risk of stomach irritation and bleeding.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions and consult with them if you have any questions or concerns about using Empirin or any other medication.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

  • Food or Milk: Taking aspirin with food or milk can help reduce the risk of stomach upset. However, if your doctor has prescribed specific dietary instructions, make sure to follow them.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

  • Take the Dose as Soon as You Remember: If you forget a dose of Empirin, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
  • Do Not Double Dose: Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Taking more than the prescribed amount can increase the risk of side effects and complications.
  • Consult Your Healthcare Provider: If you have any concerns about missing a dose or if you are unsure about what to do, consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Empirin, or aspirin, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone will experience them. Common side effects of aspirin include:

  • Gastrointestinal Irritation: Aspirin can irritate the stomach lining, leading to symptoms such as stomach pain, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, and gastrointestinal bleeding or ulcers, especially when taken in high doses or for long periods.
  • Bleeding: Aspirin thins the blood and can increase the risk of bleeding, including gastrointestinal bleeding, bruising, nosebleeds, and prolonged bleeding from cuts or injuries. It can also increase the risk of bleeding during surgical procedures.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to aspirin, which can manifest as hives, rash, itching, swelling of the face or throat, difficulty breathing, or anaphylaxis (a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction).
  • Asthma Exacerbation: Aspirin sensitivity can trigger asthma attacks or worsen asthma symptoms in some individuals.
  • Kidney Damage: Prolonged use of aspirin, especially in high doses, may lead to kidney damage or impairment, which can manifest as changes in urination, swelling of the ankles or feet, or unexplained weight gain.
  • Reye’s Syndrome: Aspirin should not be given to children or teenagers with fever or viral infections due to the risk of Reye’s syndrome, a rare but serious condition that can cause liver and brain damage.
  • Ringing in the Ears (Tinnitus): Some individuals may experience ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus) as a side effect of aspirin use.
  • Liver Damage: In rare cases, aspirin can cause liver damage or impairment, which may manifest as jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes), dark urine, abdominal pain, or fatigue.
  • Dizziness and Drowsiness: Aspirin may cause dizziness or drowsiness in some individuals, especially at higher doses.
  • Other Side Effects: Other less common side effects of aspirin may include headache, confusion, difficulty concentrating, blurred vision, sweating, and skin reactions such as itching or rash.

It’s important to note that this is not an exhaustive list of side effects, and some individuals may experience other side effects not listed here. If you experience any concerning or severe side effects while taking Empirin, consult your healthcare provider promptly. Additionally, if you have any questions or concerns about the side effects of Empirin, discuss them with your doctor or pharmacist.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal of Empirin:


  • Room Temperature: Store Empirin at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
  • Keep Away from Children and Pets: Keep Empirin out of reach of children and pets, as accidental ingestion can be harmful.
  • Original Container: Store Empirin in its original container or packaging to protect it from moisture and light.
  • Avoid Bathroom Storage: Do not store Empirin in the bathroom, as the moisture and humidity can degrade the medication.


  • Follow Local Guidelines: Dispose of unused or expired Empirin according to local guidelines or regulations. Check with your pharmacist or local waste disposal authority for specific instructions.
  • Don’t Flush: Do not flush Empirin down the toilet unless instructed to do so by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
  • Safe Disposal: Consider using drug take-back programs or community disposal programs to safely dispose of Empirin. If these options are not available, mix the medication with an undesirable substance (e.g., coffee grounds or kitty litter) in a sealed container before throwing it away.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Seek Medical Help: If you suspect an overdose of Empirin, call emergency services or poison control immediately. Do not wait for symptoms to appear.
  • Symptoms of Overdose: Symptoms of an aspirin overdose may include ringing in the ears (tinnitus), rapid breathing (hyperventilation), fever, confusion, hallucinations, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and loss of consciousness.
  • Provide Information: Provide information about the amount of Empirin ingested, the time of ingestion, and any symptoms experienced to healthcare providers or poison control personnel.

What other information should I know?

  • Follow Doctor’s Instructions: Take Empirin exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or frequency unless instructed to do so.
  • Inform Healthcare Providers: Inform all healthcare providers involved in your care about your use of Empirin, including dentists, surgeons, and emergency personnel.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Limit alcohol consumption while taking Empirin, as it can increase the risk of stomach irritation and bleeding.
  • Regular Monitoring: Regularly monitor your symptoms and condition while taking Empirin, and report any concerning side effects or changes to your healthcare provider.
  • Blood Tests: If you are taking Empirin for cardiovascular protection, your doctor may recommend periodic blood tests to monitor your blood clotting status.
  • Avoid Other NSAIDs: Avoid taking other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) while using Empirin, unless directed by your doctor, as it can increase the risk of side effects and complications.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and recommendations when taking Empirin, and consult them if you have any questions or concerns about its use, storage, disposal, or handling emergencies.

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