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Elixophyllin (Generic Theophylline)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Elixophyllin is a medication primarily prescribed for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It belongs to a class of drugs called bronchodilators, which work by relaxing the muscles in the airways, making breathing easier.

How should this medicine be used?

Here’s how Elixophyllin is typically used:

  • Dosage: The dosage of Elixophyllin can vary depending on factors such as age, weight, and the severity of the condition being treated. It is usually taken orally in the form of tablets, capsule or liquid.
  • Frequency: It is usually taken once or twice a day, as prescribed by the healthcare provider. It’s important to follow the prescribed dosing schedule carefully.
  • Administration: Elixophyllin tablets should be swallowed whole with a full glass of water. It’s important not to crush, chew, or break the tablets, as this can affect the release of the medication.
  • Consistency: It’s important to take Elixophyllin consistently, even if you’re feeling well, as it works best when maintained at a constant level in the body.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of lung function and blood levels of the medication may be necessary to ensure effectiveness and safety.
  • Avoiding Interactions: Certain medications, foods, and substances may interact with Elixophyllin, so it’s important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications and supplements you’re taking.
  • Side Effects: Like all medications, Elixophyllin may cause side effects, which can include nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, and rapid heartbeat. If you experience any severe or concerning side effects, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

It’s crucial to use Elixophyllin exactly as prescribed and to follow all instructions provided by your healthcare provider to ensure its safe and effective use in managing your respiratory condition. If you have any questions or concerns about how to use Elixophyllin, be sure to discuss them with your healthcare provider.

Other uses for this medicine

While Elixophyllin is primarily used for the treatment of asthma and COPD, it may also be prescribed for other respiratory conditions such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Additionally, some healthcare providers may use Elixophyllin off-label for certain other conditions, but this should only be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

What special precautions should I follow?

Here are some special precautions to keep in mind when using Elixophyllin:

  • Allergies: Inform your healthcare provider if you have any allergies to theophylline or any other medications.
  • Medical History: Provide a comprehensive medical history to your healthcare provider, especially if you have a history of heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, or stomach ulcers.
  • Drug Interactions: Elixophyllin may interact with various medications, including certain antibiotics, antifungal medications, antidepressants, heart medications, and others. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking to avoid potentially harmful interactions.
  • Smoking and Alcohol: Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption while taking Elixophyllin, as these substances can affect the metabolism and effectiveness of the medication.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of using Elixophyllin with your healthcare provider. The medication may pass into breast milk and could potentially harm a nursing infant.
  • Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood levels of theophylline may be necessary to ensure that the medication is within the therapeutic range and to prevent toxicity. Your healthcare provider may also monitor your lung function and other parameters to assess the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Side Effects: Be aware of potential side effects of Elixophyllin, including nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, and others. If you experience any severe or concerning side effects, contact your healthcare provider promptly.
  • Dosage Adjustments: Dosage adjustments may be necessary if you experience changes in your health status, such as illness, changes in diet, or starting or stopping other medications.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and guidance when using Elixophyllin, and do not hesitate to ask any questions or seek clarification about your treatment plan.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Special dietary instructions for Elixophyllin include:

  • Consistent Diet: Maintain a consistent intake of caffeine-containing foods and beverages while taking Elixophyllin. Changes in caffeine consumption can affect the metabolism of theophylline, the active ingredient in Elixophyllin.
  • Avoid High-Fat Meals: High-fat meals may slow down the absorption of Elixophyllin, so it’s best to avoid consuming large amounts of high-fat foods right before or after taking the medication.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget a dose of Elixophyllin:

  • If you miss a dose of Elixophyllin, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
  • Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one, as this can increase the risk of side effects or toxicity.
  • If you’re unsure about what to do if you miss a dose, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for guidance

What side effects can this medication cause?

Elixophyllin, like any medication, can cause side effects. Not everyone will experience these side effects, and their severity can vary from person to person. Some common side effects of Elixophyllin may include:

  • Nausea and Vomiting: These gastrointestinal symptoms are relatively common and may occur, particularly when starting the medication or with higher doses.
  • Headache: Some individuals may experience headaches while taking Elixophyllin. These headaches can range from mild to severe.
  • Insomnia: Elixophyllin is a stimulant and can cause difficulty sleeping, especially if taken too close to bedtime.
  • Rapid Heartbeat (Tachycardia): Elixophyllin can increase heart rate in some individuals, leading to palpitations or a sensation of a racing heart.
  • Dizziness: Feeling dizzy or lightheaded is another potential side effect, especially if standing up quickly from a sitting or lying position.
  • Tremors: Some individuals may experience tremors or shaking hands as a side effect of Elixophyllin.
  • Flushed Skin: Skin flushing, or a temporary reddening of the skin, may occur in some individuals.
  • Increased Urination: Elixophyllin may cause an increase in urine output, which can lead to more frequent urination.
  • Digestive Issues: Along with nausea and vomiting, some people may experience gastrointestinal discomfort such as stomach upset or diarrhea.
  • Hyperglycemia: In some cases, Elixophyllin can cause an increase in blood sugar levels, particularly in individuals with diabetes or those predisposed to high blood sugar.
  • Muscle Twitching or Cramps: Some individuals may experience muscle twitching or cramps as a side effect of Elixophyllin.
  • Changes in Mood or Behavior: Rarely, Elixophyllin may cause changes in mood, including nervousness, anxiety, or irritability.

It’s important to note that these are not the only possible side effects of Elixophyllin. Some people may experience more severe side effects or allergic reactions, although these are less common. If you experience any unusual symptoms or side effects while taking Elixophyllin, it’s essential to contact your healthcare provider for guidance. They can help determine whether the symptoms are related to the medication and advise on the appropriate course of action.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal of Elixophyllin:


  • Room Temperature: Store Elixophyllin at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
  • Keep Away from Light: Store the medication in its original container away from light exposure.
  • Do Not Freeze: Do not freeze Elixophyllin.
  • Keep Out of Reach of Children and Pets: Store Elixophyllin in a secure location, out of reach of children and pets.


  • Follow Local Guidelines: Dispose of unused or expired Elixophyllin according to local guidelines or instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
  • Do Not Flush: Do not flush medications down the toilet unless instructed to do so. Proper disposal helps prevent environmental contamination.
  • Take-Back Programs: Some pharmacies or healthcare facilities may have medication take-back programs for safe disposal of medications. Check with your local pharmacy or health department for more information.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Seek Medical Help: If you suspect an overdose of Elixophyllin or experience severe symptoms such as seizures, irregular heartbeat, or loss of consciousness, seek emergency medical assistance immediately.
  • Contact Poison Control: You can also contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 for guidance on what to do in case of an overdose.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Monitoring: Your healthcare provider may recommend regular monitoring of blood levels of theophylline (the active ingredient in Elixophyllin) to ensure the medication is within the therapeutic range and to prevent toxicity.
  • Avoid Caffeine: Limit your intake of caffeine-containing foods and beverages while taking Elixophyllin, as caffeine can affect the metabolism of theophylline.
  • Follow Healthcare Provider’s Instructions: Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions regarding the use of Elixophyllin, including dosage, frequency, and any special precautions.
  • Keep Updated: Keep your healthcare provider informed about any changes in your health status, including new medications, supplements, or medical conditions.
  • Medical Alert: Wear a medical alert bracelet or carry a card indicating that you are taking Elixophyllin in case of emergencies.
  • Consult Healthcare Provider: If you have any questions or concerns about Elixophyllin or its use, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for clarification and guidance.

By following these guidelines for storage, disposal, emergency procedures, and other important information, you can ensure the safe and effective use of Elixophyllin as prescribed by your healthcare provider.

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