Dynacin (Generic Minocycline)
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Why is this medication prescribed?
Infections caused by bacteria, such as pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections, as well as some infections of the skin, eyes, lymphatic, intestinal, genital, and urinary systems, as well as a few other infections spread by ticks, lice, mites, and infected animals, are all treated with minocycline. Moreover, it is used to treat acne in combination with other drugs. Furthermore, plague and tuleramia are both treated with minocycline (serious infections that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack). Moreover, it can be used to treat anthrax and certain types of food poisoning in patients who cannot receive penicillin treatment (a serious infection that may be spread on purpose as part of a bioterror attack). Even if you don’t have an illness, it can be used to get rid of germs in your throat and nose that could otherwise cause meningitis (swelling of the tissues around the brain). Just acne is treated with minocycline extended-release tablets (Solodyn). Tetracycline antibiotics, which include minocycline, are a group of drugs. By limiting bacterial growth and spread, it helps to treat infections. By eliminating the bacteria that causes pore infections and reducing a certain natural greasy component that causes acne, it effectively treats acne.
Colds, the flu, or any other viral infections will not be treated by antibiotics like minocycline. Antibiotic overuse raises the likelihood that you’ll get an infection later on that is resistant to antibiotic therapy.
How should this medicine be used?
Regular capsules, pellet-filled capsules, and oral extended-release tablets (Solodyn) are all available forms of minocycline. Most people take the capsule and pellet-filled capsule twice daily (every 12 hours) or four times daily (every 6 hours). To treat acne, the extended-release tablet is typically given once day. You can take minocycline with or without food. Each dose should be followed by a full glass of water. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions on your prescription label that you are unsure about following. Take the medication precisely as prescribed. Never take it in larger or less amounts or more frequently than directed by your doctor.
Do not break, chew, or crush the pellet-filled capsules or extended-release tablets; instead, swallow them whole.
Other uses for this medicine
Rheumatoid arthritis can occasionally be treated with minocycline (a condition in which the body attacks its own joints, causing pain, swelling, and loss of function). Discuss the dangers of using this drug for your illness with your doctor.
You should speak with your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you want to take this drug for a different purpose.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking minocycline,
- If you have an allergy to any of the substances in minocycline capsules, pellet-filled capsules, or extended-release tablets, or to tetracycline, doxycycline, demeclocycline, any other drugs, or any combination of these, notify your doctor right away. Get a list of the components from your pharmacist.
- Inform your doctor and pharmacist about any additional prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal products you are now taking or intend to use. Incorporate any of the following: ‘Blood thinners’ or anticoagulants like warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven); bromocriptine (Cycloset, Parlodel), cabergoline, dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal), ergoloid mesylates (Hydergine), ergovine (Ergotrate), ergotamine (Ergomar, in Cafergot, Migergot), and methylergonovine (Methergine), as well as penicillin, are examples of ergot-type drugs. Additionally let your doctor or pharmacist know if you’ve recently discontinued taking isotretinoin (Absorica, Amnesteem, Clavaris, and other brands). Your physician might need to adjust the dosage of your drugs or keep a close eye on you for side effects. Several oral contraceptives lose some of their effectiveness when taken with minocycline; discuss a another method of birth control with your doctor.
- Be advised that minocycline is interfered with and rendered less effective by antacids containing magnesium, aluminium, or calcium, calcium supplements, zinc products, iron products, and laxatives containing magnesium. Minocycline should be taken 2 hours prior to or 6 hours following the use of antacids, calcium supplements, and magnesium-containing laxatives. Take minocycline 2 hours prior to or 4 hours following the consumption of iron-containing preparations and vitamins. Take minocycline two hours before or after using products that contain zinc.
- Inform your doctor if you suffer from or have ever suffered from asthma, lupus (a condition in which the immune system attacks numerous tissues and organs, including the skin, joints, blood, and kidneys), intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri; high pressure in the skull that may cause headaches, blurred or double vision, vision loss, and other symptoms), kidney disease, or any of the other conditions listed above.
- You should be aware that hormonal contraceptive effectiveness may be impacted by minocycline (birth control pills, patches, rings, or injections). Consult your doctor before adopting a different method of birth control.
- Inform your physician if you are nursing a baby, intend to get pregnant, or are already pregnant. Call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking minocycline. The foetus could be harmed by minocycline.
- You should be aware that minocycline may cause you to feel dizzy or lightheaded. Prior to understanding how this drug affects you, avoid using machinery or driving a car.
- Have a plan to limit your time spent in the sun and to use sunscreen, sunglasses, and protective clothes. Your skin could become photosensitive while using minocycline.
- You should be aware that minocycline can permanently discolour teeth when used during pregnancy, in newborns, or in children up to age 8. Children under the age of 8 shouldn’t take minocycline unless they have inhalational anthrax or if their doctor thinks they require it.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
If you miss a dosage, take it as soon as you recall. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not take a second one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Side effects from minocycline are possible. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:
- The rectum or vagina itches
- Changes to the skin’s, nails’, teeth’, or gums’ colour
- Colour changes in the urine or tears
- Your ears are ringing.
- Hair fall
- Mouth ache
- Enlarged tongue
- Throat pain or irritation
- Inflammation near the penis’s tip
- Muscular ache
- Mood shifts
- Feeling of prickling, tingling, or numbness on the skin
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
- Seeing double, having trouble seeing, or losing vision
- Blistered or flaking skin
- Face, throat, tongue, lips, and eye swelling
- Breathing or swallowing challenges
- Breathing difficulty
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes, itchiness, dark urine, pale bowel motions, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach discomfort, excessive fatigue, nausea, or vomiting, and confusion
- Crimson urine
- Edoema, stiffness, or joint discomfort
- An enlarged lymph node
- Uncommon bruising or bleeding
- Less urinations
- Recurrence of fever, sore throat, chills, or any other infection-related symptoms
- Throughout treatment or for up to two or more months after stopping treatment, you may experience fever, stomach pains, or bloody or watery stools
- Chest discomfort or a rapid heartbeat
Further negative effects of minocycline are possible. If you experience any strange issues while taking this medicine, contact your doctor right away.
You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Keep it away from excessive heat and moisture at room temperature (not in the bathroom). Minocycline extended-release tablets and pellet-filled capsules should be kept out of the light.
Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a medicine take-back programme is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your pharmacist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medications website at http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p for additional information.
Although many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning. http://www.upandaway.org
In case of emergency/overdose
Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Moreover, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.
Overdose signs could include the following:
What other information should I know?
Do not miss any of your doctor’s or lab appointments. To monitor your response to minocycline, your doctor may request specific lab tests.
Tell your doctor and the lab staff that you are taking minocycline before having any laboratory testing.
No one else should take your medication. It’s likely that your prescription cannot be renewed. Call your doctor if you continue to experience infection symptoms after finishing the minocycline.
You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.