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Dilatrate-SR (Generic Isosorbide)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Dilatrate-SR is a prescription medication primarily used to prevent chest pain (angina) in people with a certain heart condition known as coronary artery disease. It works by relaxing the blood vessels, which allows blood to flow more easily to the heart, thus reducing the workload on the heart and decreasing the frequency and severity of angina episodes.

How should this medicine be used?

Dilatrate-SR should be used exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional. Typically, it is taken orally, usually once or twice a day as directed by the doctor. The dosage may vary depending on the individual’s condition and response to treatment. It’s important to follow the doctor’s instructions carefully and not to exceed the prescribed dosage.

The medication should be swallowed whole with a full glass of water, and it’s generally recommended to take it at the same time(s) each day to maintain a consistent level of the drug in the body. Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets, as this can alter the way the medication is released into the body.

It’s essential to continue taking Dilatrate-SR even if you feel well, as stopping suddenly can worsen your condition. If you have any questions or concerns about how to use Dilatrate-SR, it’s best to consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

Other uses for Ergoloid Mesylates

Some off-label uses may include:

  • Heart failure: In some cases, Dilatrate-SR may be prescribed off-label to help manage symptoms of heart failure by reducing the workload on the heart and improving blood flow.
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon: Dilatrate-SR may be used off-label to help improve blood flow to the extremities in individuals with Raynaud’s phenomenon, a condition characterized by reduced blood flow to the fingers and toes, often triggered by cold temperatures or stress.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: In certain situations, Dilatrate-SR may be prescribed off-label to help dilate blood vessels in the lungs and reduce the pressure in the pulmonary arteries in individuals with pulmonary hypertension.

What special precautions should I follow?

As for special precautions when using Dilatrate-SR, it’s crucial to discuss your medical history and any current medications or supplements with your doctor before starting treatment. Certain conditions or medications may interact with Dilatrate-SR, or they may increase the risk of side effects.

Additionally, here are some general precautions to consider when using Dilatrate-SR:

  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the potential risks and benefits of using Dilatrate-SR with your healthcare provider.
  • Allergies: Inform your doctor if you have any allergies to nitrates or any other medications.
  • Low blood pressure: Dilatrate-SR can cause a decrease in blood pressure, which may lead to symptoms such as dizziness or fainting. Use caution when standing up from a sitting or lying position, especially initially after starting treatment.
  • Liver or kidney problems: If you have liver or kidney problems, your doctor may need to adjust your dosage of Dilatrate-SR accordingly.
  • Other medications: Inform your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking, as Dilatrate-SR may interact with certain drugs, including erectile dysfunction medications (e.g., sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil), blood pressure medications, and others.

Always follow your healthcare provider’s instructions and guidance when using Dilatrate-SR to ensure safe and effective treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about the medication or its use, don’t hesitate to discuss them with your doctor.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Regarding special dietary instructions for Dilatrate-SR, there are generally no specific dietary restrictions. However, it’s essential to maintain a healthy diet low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium to manage heart health effectively. Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can complement the treatment of heart conditions like angina.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of Dilatrate-SR, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up. If you have any concerns or questions about missed doses, consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Dilatrate-SR, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone experiences them. Common side effects may include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Flushing (warmth, redness, or tingling sensation in the face, neck, or chest)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Fainting (particularly upon standing)
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Blurred vision
  • Rash or skin irritation

These side effects are usually mild and may improve as your body adjusts to the medication. However, if any of these side effects persist or worsen, it’s essential to inform your doctor.

In some cases, Dilatrate-SR may cause more severe side effects that require immediate medical attention. These include:

  • Allergic reaction (rash, itching, swelling of the face, tongue, or throat, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing)
  • Severe dizziness or fainting
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Bluish-colored skin, particularly in the fingers or toes
  • Severe headache
  • Vision changes
  • Signs of liver problems (e.g., persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine)

If you experience any of these serious side effects, seek medical attention promptly.

It’s important to note that this list may not include all possible side effects of Dilatrate-SR. If you have concerns about side effects or notice any unusual symptoms while taking this medication, consult your healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal instructions for Dilatrate-SR:

  • Storage: Store Dilatrate-SR at room temperature away from light and moisture. Avoid storing it in the bathroom or kitchen where it may be exposed to moisture. Keep the medication out of reach of children and pets.
  • Disposal: Dispose of unused or expired Dilatrate-SR properly according to local regulations. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Contact your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for proper disposal instructions.

In case of emergency/overdose

In case of emergency or overdose of Dilatrate-SR, seek immediate medical attention or contact a poison control center right away. Overdose symptoms may include severe dizziness, fainting, rapid or irregular heartbeat, bluish-colored skin, severe headache, or vision changes. Be prepared to provide information about the amount of medication ingested and any symptoms experienced.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular monitoring: Your doctor may periodically monitor your heart function, blood pressure, and overall response to Dilatrate-SR to adjust your dosage if necessary.
  • Avoid grapefruit: Avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice while taking Dilatrate-SR, as it may interact with the medication and lead to potentially dangerous side effects.
  • Medical alert: Carry a medical identification card or wear a medical alert bracelet indicating that you are taking Dilatrate-SR, especially if you have a history of heart problems or other medical conditions.
  • Missed dose: If you miss a dose of Dilatrate-SR, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
  • Follow-up appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your progress and discuss any concerns or side effects.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions and advice regarding the use of Dilatrate-SR to ensure safe and effective treatment. If you have any questions or concerns about the medication, don’t hesitate to consult your healthcare provider.

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