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Dilacor XR (Generic Diltiazem)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Dilacor XR is a brand name for the drug diltiazem, which belongs to a class of medications called calcium channel blockers. It’s commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and certain types of chest pain (angina). It works by relaxing blood vessels and improving blood flow, which helps to lower blood pressure and reduce the workload on the heart.

How should this medicine be used?

Dilacor XR, or diltiazem extended-release, is typically prescribed to be taken once daily. The capsules should be swallowed whole and should not be crushed, chewed, or opened. It’s usually taken with or without food, but it’s essential to follow your doctor’s specific instructions regarding timing and dosage.

Here are some general guidelines for using Dilacor XR:

  • Follow Prescribed Dosage: Take Dilacor XR exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed.
  • Swallow Whole: Swallow the capsule whole with a full glass of water. Do not crush, chew, or break the capsule before swallowing.
  • Consistent Timing: Try to take Dilacor XR at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in your bloodstream.
  • Regular Monitoring: Your doctor may need to adjust your dosage periodically based on your response to the medication and any changes in your health condition.
  • Don’t Skip Doses: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
  • Continue Treatment: Even if you feel well, continue taking Dilacor XR as prescribed. Stopping suddenly can lead to worsening of your condition.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Limit or avoid alcohol consumption while taking Dilacor XR, as it can increase the risk of side effects.
  • Consult Your Doctor: If you have any questions or concerns about how to use Dilacor XR or if you experience any unusual symptoms or side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.

Always remember to store Dilacor XR at room temperature away from moisture and heat, and keep it out of reach of children.

Other uses for Ergoloid Mesylates

In addition to treating high blood pressure and certain types of chest pain, Dilacor XR (diltiazem) may also be prescribed for other conditions under the guidance of a healthcare provider. These off-label uses might include certain heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias) or migraine headaches, but such usage would be determined by your doctor based on your specific medical needs.

What special precautions should I follow?

Regarding special precautions for Dilacor XR, there are several key points to keep in mind:

  • Allergies: Inform your doctor if you have any known allergies to diltiazem or any other medications. Also, disclose any allergies to foods, dyes, preservatives, or other substances.
  • Medical History: Provide your doctor with a comprehensive medical history, especially if you have a history of heart problems, liver disease, kidney disease, certain muscle disorders (such as myasthenia gravis), or any other health conditions.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the potential risks and benefits of using Dilacor XR with your doctor. It’s essential to weigh the potential benefits to you against any possible risks to the fetus or infant.
  • Interactions: Inform your doctor about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking, as Dilacor XR can interact with certain drugs, including other blood pressure medications, antibiotics, antifungal medications, HIV/AIDS medications, and others.
  • Avoid Grapefruit: Grapefruit and grapefruit juice can interact with Dilacor XR and lead to potentially dangerous side effects. Avoid consuming grapefruit or grapefruit juice while taking this medication.
  • Alcohol and Smoking: Limit alcohol consumption while taking Dilacor XR, as it can increase the risk of certain side effects. Additionally, smoking may decrease the effectiveness of this medication.
  • Driving and Machinery: Dilacor XR may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Avoid driving, operating machinery, or engaging in activities that require alertness until you know how this medication affects you.
  • Regular Monitoring: Your doctor may perform regular blood pressure checks, electrocardiograms (ECGs), or other tests to monitor your response to Dilacor XR and adjust your dosage as needed.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions carefully and ask any questions you may have about using Dilacor XR safely and effectively.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Special Dietary Instructions:

  • Grapefruit Avoidance: As mentioned, avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice while taking Dilacor XR.
  • High-Fiber Diet: Consuming a high-fiber diet can help reduce constipation, a common side effect of calcium channel blockers like Dilacor XR.
  • Healthy Eating: Maintain a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins to support overall heart health.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

  • Take It ASAP: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular schedule.
  • Don’t Double Up: Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one, as this can increase the risk of side effects.
  • Consult Your Doctor: If you frequently forget doses or have questions about managing missed doses, consult your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Dilacor XR (diltiazem extended-release) can cause various side effects, although not everyone will experience them. Common side effects may include:

  • Dizziness: Feeling lightheaded or dizzy is a common side effect of Dilacor XR. It may occur especially when standing up from a sitting or lying position.
  • Headache: Some people may experience headaches while taking Dilacor XR.
  • Flushing: Flushing, or a sensation of warmth in the face or skin, may occur as a side effect.
  • Nausea or Vomiting: Some individuals may experience stomach discomfort, nausea, or vomiting while taking this medication.
  • Constipation: Dilacor XR, like other calcium channel blockers, can sometimes cause constipation as a side effect.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or fatigued is another potential side effect of Dilacor XR.
  • Swelling in Ankles and Feet: Edema, or swelling in the ankles and feet, may occur due to fluid retention caused by Dilacor XR.
  • Low Blood Pressure: In some cases, Dilacor XR can cause low blood pressure, leading to symptoms such as dizziness or fainting.
  • Rash or Skin Reactions: Allergic reactions to Dilacor XR can manifest as rash, itching, or other skin reactions.
  • Bradycardia: Dilacor XR can occasionally cause a slower than normal heart rate (bradycardia) in some individuals.
  • Other Rare Side Effects: In rare cases, Dilacor XR may cause more serious side effects such as liver problems, mood changes, or allergic reactions.

It’s important to note that this list is not exhaustive, and other side effects may occur. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects while taking Dilacor XR, it’s crucial to contact your healthcare provider promptly. They can evaluate your symptoms and provide guidance on how to manage them effectively.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and Disposal:

  • Storage: Store Dilacor XR at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep it in its original container, tightly closed, and out of reach of children.
  • Disposal: Dispose of any unused or expired Dilacor XR capsules properly according to local regulations or guidelines. Do not flush them down the toilet or throw them in the trash unless instructed to do so.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Seek Immediate Medical Attention: If you suspect an overdose of Dilacor XR, or if someone has ingested it accidentally, seek emergency medical attention immediately by calling your local emergency services or poison control center.
  • Symptoms of Overdose: Symptoms of Dilacor XR overdose may include dizziness, weakness, fainting, difficulty breathing, slow heart rate, or loss of consciousness.

What other information should I know?

  • Regular Follow-Up: Attend all scheduled appointments with your healthcare provider for regular check-ups and monitoring of your condition while taking Dilacor XR.
  • Lab Tests: Your doctor may order periodic blood tests or other laboratory tests to monitor your response to Dilacor XR and to check for any potential side effects.
  • Avoid Abrupt Discontinuation: Do not stop taking Dilacor XR suddenly without consulting your doctor, as abrupt discontinuation can lead to rebound effects or worsening of your condition.
  • Inform Healthcare Providers: Make sure all healthcare providers involved in your care are aware that you are taking Dilacor XR, including dentists, surgeons, and emergency medical personnel.
  • Medication Review: Inform your doctor of all medications, supplements, and vitamins you are taking to avoid potential drug interactions.
  • Patient Information Leaflet: Read the patient information leaflet provided with your medication for detailed instructions and important safety information.
  • Avoid Alcohol and Grapefruit: As mentioned earlier, avoid consuming alcohol and grapefruit or grapefruit juice while taking Dilacor XR, as they can interact with the medication and increase the risk of side effects.

Following these guidelines can help ensure the safe and effective use of Dilacor XR as part of your treatment plan. If you have any questions or concerns about your medication, don’t hesitate to discuss them with your healthcare provider.

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