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Bromocryptine (Generic Bromocriptine)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Bromocriptine is a medication primarily prescribed to treat certain conditions related to the brain and hormonal imbalances. Here are some of its common uses:

  • Hyperprolactinemia: This is a condition where the body produces too much prolactin, a hormone involved in breast milk production. Bromocriptine helps lower prolactin levels, which can be elevated due to conditions like pituitary tumors or certain medications.
  • Parkinson’s Disease: Bromocriptine is also used to treat symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, a neurological disorder characterized by tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with movement. It works by mimicking the action of dopamine, a neurotransmitter involved in motor control.
  • Acromegaly: This rare condition is caused by an excess of growth hormone in adults. Bromocriptine can help reduce growth hormone levels in individuals with acromegaly.

How should this medicine be used?

Bromocriptine is a medication primarily used to treat conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and certain hormonal disorders like hyperprolactinemia. Here’s a general guideline on how it should be used:

  • Follow Doctor’s Instructions: Always use bromocriptine as directed by your healthcare provider. They will prescribe the appropriate dosage based on your condition and medical history.
  • Take with Food: Bromocriptine is typically taken with food to minimize potential side effects like nausea. Follow your doctor’s instructions regarding whether to take it with meals or not.
  • Regular Schedule: Take bromocriptine at the same time(s) each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in your body. This helps maximize its effectiveness.
  • Do Not Crush or Chew: Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water unless your doctor advises otherwise. Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets, as this can affect how the medication is absorbed in your body.
  • Monitor Side Effects: Like any medication, bromocriptine can cause side effects. Common ones include nausea, dizziness, headache, and fatigue. If you experience any unusual or severe side effects, contact your doctor promptly.
  • Do Not Stop Abruptly: If you need to stop taking bromocriptine for any reason, consult your doctor first. Stopping abruptly can lead to withdrawal symptoms or a worsening of your condition.
  • Regular Check-ups: Your doctor may schedule regular check-ups to monitor your progress and adjust your dosage if necessary. Keep all appointments and inform your doctor of any changes in your condition.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Alcohol can interact with bromocriptine and increase the risk of side effects such as dizziness and drowsiness. Avoid or limit alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
  • Storage: Store bromocriptine tablets at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep them out of reach of children and pets.

Always consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns about how to use bromocriptine properly.

Other uses for this medicine

While bromocriptine is primarily used for the conditions mentioned earlier, it may sometimes be prescribed off-label for other purposes. Some examples include:

  • Diabetes: Bromocriptine may be used to help manage blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes, particularly in combination with other treatments.
  • Neurological Conditions: There’s ongoing research into bromocriptine’s potential use in conditions like restless legs syndrome and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

What special precautions should I follow?

As for special precautions when taking bromocriptine, it’s essential to:

  • Follow Prescribing Instructions: Take bromocriptine exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed.
  • Monitor for Side Effects: Pay attention to any potential side effects of bromocriptine, such as nausea, dizziness, headache, or low blood pressure. Report any concerning symptoms to your doctor promptly.
  • Avoid Alcohol: Alcohol may worsen certain side effects of bromocriptine, such as dizziness or drowsiness. It’s advisable to limit or avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. Bromocriptine may not be suitable for use during pregnancy or breastfeeding, depending on the circumstances.
  • Interactions with Other Medications: Inform your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as bromocriptine may interact with certain drugs, including other dopamine agonists, antipsychotics, and medications that affect blood pressure.
  • Regular Monitoring: Your doctor may need to monitor your prolactin levels, liver function, and other parameters periodically while you are taking bromocriptine to ensure its safety and effectiveness.

Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice regarding the use of bromocriptine and any specific precautions based on your medical history and individual circumstances.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

There are no specific dietary restrictions associated with Bromocriptine. However, taking Bromocriptine with food can help reduce the risk of stomach upset. If you have any concerns about dietary interactions with Bromocriptine, consult your doctor or pharmacist for personalized advice.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you miss a dose of Bromocriptine, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are unsure about what to do, consult your doctor or pharmacist for guidance.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Bromocriptine, like any medication, can cause side effects, though not everyone experiences them. Common side effects of bromocriptine may include:

  • Nausea and Vomiting: These are among the most common side effects and often occur when starting treatment. Taking bromocriptine with food can help reduce nausea.
  • Dizziness and Drowsiness: Bromocriptine may cause dizziness or drowsiness, especially when standing up from a sitting or lying position. It’s important to avoid activities that require alertness until you know how the medication affects you.
  • Headache: Some individuals may experience headaches while taking bromocriptine. This side effect is usually mild and transient.
  • Fatigue: Feeling tired or fatigued is another common side effect of bromocriptine.
  • Orthostatic Hypotension: Bromocriptine can cause a drop in blood pressure when moving from a lying or sitting position to a standing position, leading to symptoms like dizziness or lightheadedness.
  • Gastrointestinal Disturbances: In addition to nausea and vomiting, bromocriptine may cause other gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation.
  • Psychiatric Effects: Some individuals may experience psychiatric side effects such as hallucinations, confusion, or mood changes while taking bromocriptine.
  • Impulse Control Disorders: Rarely, bromocriptine has been associated with impulse control disorders such as compulsive gambling, shopping, or eating.
  • Hair Loss: Bromocriptine may cause hair loss, although this side effect is relatively uncommon.
  • Cardiac Effects: Bromocriptine may rarely cause cardiac side effects such as palpitations or arrhythmias.

It’s essential to discuss any side effects you experience with your healthcare provider. Some side effects may go away as your body adjusts to the medication, while others may require medical attention. Additionally, if you experience any severe or concerning side effects, such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, or severe allergic reactions, seek medical help immediately.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal instructions for Bromocriptine:


  • Store Bromocriptine tablets at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.
  • Keep the medication in its original container, tightly closed, and out of reach of children and pets.
  • Do not store Bromocriptine in the bathroom or kitchen, where it could be exposed to moisture or heat.


  • Dispose of any unused or expired Bromocriptine tablets according to local regulations or as instructed by your pharmacist.
  • Do not flush Bromocriptine down the toilet or pour it down the drain unless specifically instructed to do so.
  • Ask your pharmacist about the best way to dispose of Bromocriptine safely.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • In case of an overdose of Bromocriptine, seek emergency medical attention or contact a poison control center immediately.
  • Symptoms of Bromocriptine overdose may include severe dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, fainting, seizures, or difficulty breathing.
  • Be prepared to provide information about the amount of Bromocriptine ingested, as well as any other medications or substances taken.

What other information should I know?

  • Keep all appointments with your doctor for monitoring and dosage adjustments while taking Bromocriptine.
  • Inform your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as Bromocriptine can interact with certain drugs.
  • Avoid sudden changes in posture, especially from lying down to standing up, as Bromocriptine may cause orthostatic hypotension.
  • Notify your healthcare provider if you experience any new or worsening symptoms while taking Bromocriptine, especially if they are severe or persistent.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully regarding the use of Bromocriptine, including dosage, timing, and any special precautions.
  • Do not stop taking Bromocriptine suddenly without consulting your doctor, as this can lead to withdrawal symptoms or a worsening of your condition.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure the safe and effective use of Bromocriptine and be prepared to handle any emergencies or overdoses that may occur.

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