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Blephamide (Generic Sulfacetamide Ophthalmic)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Sulfacetamide ophthalmic is typically prescribed to treat bacterial eye infections, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye) and other superficial ocular infections. It belongs to a class of medications known as sulfa antibiotics, which work by stopping the growth of bacteria.

How should this medicine be used?

Sulfacetamide ophthalmic is typically used to treat eye infections caused by bacteria. Here’s a general guide on how it should be used:

  • Wash Your Hands: Before applying the medication, thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water to prevent introducing any bacteria into your eyes.
  • Prepare the Eye Drops: Shake the bottle well to ensure that the medication is evenly mixed. If using single-dose vials, open a new vial.
  • Tilt Your Head Back: Tilt your head backward or lie down, whichever is more comfortable for you. You can also sit or stand with your head tilted back slightly.
  • Create a Pocket: Using your index finger, gently pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket between your eyelid and eye. This is where the eye drops will be applied.
  • Apply the Eye Drops: Hold the dropper tip directly over the eye, being careful not to touch the tip to your eye or any surface to prevent contamination. Squeeze the prescribed number of drops (as directed by your doctor) into the pocket you created. Try to avoid blinking or touching your eye with the dropper.
  • Close Your Eye: Close your eye gently after applying the drops. You can press lightly on the inner corner of your eye (near the nose) with your finger for a minute or two. This helps prevent the medication from draining into your tear duct and being absorbed systemically.
  • Repeat if Necessary: If you need to apply drops to both eyes, repeat the process for the other eye using a new dropper or single-dose vial to prevent cross-contamination.
  • Wipe Away Excess: If any excess medication spills onto your skin around the eye, gently wipe it away with a clean tissue.
  • Wash Your Hands: After applying the drops, wash your hands again to remove any residue and prevent spreading bacteria.
  • Follow Instructions: Follow your doctor’s instructions regarding the frequency and duration of use. It’s important to complete the full course of treatment even if your symptoms improve to ensure the infection is fully treated.

If you experience any irritation, discomfort, or adverse reactions while using sulfacetamide ophthalmic, contact your doctor for further guidance.

Other uses for this medicine

Sulfacetamide ophthalmic is primarily used to treat eye infections caused by bacteria. However, it may also have other off-label uses as determined by your healthcare provider. Some potential off-label uses may include the treatment of certain types of eye inflammation or irritation, although these uses would be at the discretion of your doctor.

What special precautions should I follow?

When using sulfacetamide ophthalmic, it’s essential to take some special precautions:

  • Follow Doctor’s Instructions: Always use the medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use more or less of it or use it more frequently than recommended.
  • Complete the Course: Complete the full course of treatment prescribed by your doctor, even if your symptoms improve before the medication is finished. Stopping treatment early may allow the infection to return or worsen.
  • Avoid Contamination: To prevent contamination, do not touch the dropper tip to any surface, including your eye. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
  • Do Not Share: Do not share your medication with others, even if they have similar symptoms. Using someone else’s medication may not be appropriate for your condition and could potentially be harmful.
  • Contact Lenses: If you wear contact lenses, remove them before applying the eye drops. Wait at least 15 minutes after applying the drops before reinserting your contact lenses.
  • Allergic Reactions: If you have known allergies to sulfonamide medications or any other ingredients in sulfacetamide ophthalmic, inform your doctor before using this medication.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of using sulfacetamide ophthalmic with your doctor before starting treatment.
  • Eye Irritation: If you experience persistent irritation, redness, swelling, or other unexpected symptoms while using sulfacetamide ophthalmic, discontinue use and contact your doctor.
  • Medical Conditions: Inform your doctor about any medical conditions you have, especially if you have a history of kidney problems, liver disease, or blood disorders.
  • Other Medications: Inform your doctor about all other medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as they may interact with sulfacetamide ophthalmic.

By following these precautions and guidelines, you can help ensure the safe and effective use of sulfacetamide ophthalmic for your eye condition. Always consult with your doctor if you have any questions or concerns about its use.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Regarding special dietary instructions, there are typically none specifically associated with Sulfacetamide ophthalmic. However, it’s always a good idea to maintain a balanced diet for overall health, which may indirectly support your eye health.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget a dose of Sulfacetamide ophthalmic, apply it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Sulfacetamide ophthalmic, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone will experience them. Common side effects of sulfacetamide ophthalmic may include:

  • Mild Burning or Stinging: Some individuals may experience a slight burning or stinging sensation upon application of the eye drops. This usually subsides quickly.
  • Eye Irritation: Sulfacetamide ophthalmic may cause temporary irritation, redness, itching, or discomfort in the eye.
  • Blurred Vision: Blurred vision may occur temporarily after applying the eye drops. Avoid driving or engaging in activities that require clear vision until your vision returns to normal.
  • Sensitivity to Light: Some people may experience increased sensitivity to light (photophobia) after using sulfacetamide ophthalmic.
  • Eye Discharge or Crusting: In some cases, the medication may cause temporary eye discharge or crusting around the eyelid.
  • Allergic Reactions: Although rare, allergic reactions to sulfacetamide ophthalmic can occur. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include severe eye itching or swelling, rash, hives, difficulty breathing, or tightness in the chest. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any signs of an allergic reaction.
  • Eye Dryness: Sulfacetamide ophthalmic may cause temporary dryness of the eyes.
  • Changes in Taste: Some individuals may experience a temporary change in taste after using the eye drops.
  • Eye Redness: Sulfacetamide ophthalmic may cause temporary redness of the eyes, which usually resolves on its own.
  • Eye Pain: In rare cases, some individuals may experience eye pain after using sulfacetamide ophthalmic.

If you experience severe or persistent side effects, or if you develop any new symptoms after using sulfacetamide ophthalmic, contact your doctor or healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance. They can help determine whether the side effects are related to the medication and advise on appropriate steps to take.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

When it comes to storing and disposing of Sulfacetamide ophthalmic:


  • Store Sulfacetamide ophthalmic at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and direct light. Avoid freezing.
  • Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use to prevent contamination.
  • Store the medication out of reach of children and pets.
  • Do not transfer the medication to another container unless instructed to do so by your pharmacist or healthcare provider.


  • Dispose of unused or expired Sulfacetamide ophthalmic as recommended by your pharmacist or healthcare provider.
  • Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Proper disposal helps prevent environmental contamination.
  • Check with your local pharmacy or government guidelines on how to dispose of medications safely.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • If you suspect an overdose of Sulfacetamide ophthalmic or if someone accidentally ingests the medication, contact your local poison control center (in the US, you can call 1-800-222-1222) or seek emergency medical attention immediately.
  • Symptoms of overdose may include severe eye irritation, burning, or other adverse reactions.

What other information should I know?

  • Inform all your healthcare providers (doctors, pharmacists, and dentists) about all the medications you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, herbal, or dietary supplements.
  • Avoid wearing contact lenses while using Sulfacetamide ophthalmic unless your doctor advises otherwise.
  • Follow all instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist regarding the use of Sulfacetamide ophthalmic, including dosage, frequency, and duration of treatment.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they worsen after using Sulfacetamide ophthalmic, contact your doctor for further evaluation and guidance.
  • Do not use Sulfacetamide ophthalmic for conditions other than those for which it was prescribed unless directed by your doctor.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure the safe and effective use of Sulfacetamide ophthalmic for your eye condition. If you have any questions or concerns, don’t hesitate to consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist for assistance.

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