PrescriptionGiant is a FREE prescription savings program that can save you up to 75% on your prescriptions with or without insurance!

BiDil (Generic Hydralazine)

Actual product appearance may differ slightly.

Click the CARD below to print or take a screenshot on your mobile phone or tablet. There is no need to download another app!

If you would like to personalize your card enter your full name in the member name field below the card at this link and click the Update button.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Hydralazine is commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). It works by relaxing the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily through them, thus lowering blood pressure.

How should this medicine be used?

The dosage and administration of hydralazine can vary depending on individual patient factors such as age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Typically, it is taken orally, usually two to four times a day with or without food. It’s crucial to follow your doctor’s instructions and the prescription label carefully.

Here are some general guidelines for using hydralazine:

  • Take hydralazine exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Swallow the tablet(s) whole with a full glass of water.
  • Try to take hydralazine at the same times each day to maintain consistent blood levels.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double dose to make up for a missed one.
  • Do not stop taking hydralazine suddenly without consulting your doctor, as this can lead to a sudden increase in blood pressure or other complications.

As with any medication, it’s essential to discuss any questions or concerns about hydralazine with your healthcare provider, including potential side effects and interactions with other medications or substances.

Other uses for this medicine

Some alternative uses for hydralazine include:

  • Heart failure: Hydralazine may be prescribed along with other medications to manage heart failure, particularly in patients who cannot tolerate ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).
  • Hypertensive crisis: In severe cases of high blood pressure where rapid reduction is necessary to prevent organ damage, hydralazine may be administered intravenously in a hospital setting.
  • Pregnancy-related hypertension: Hydralazine is sometimes used to manage hypertension during pregnancy, particularly in cases of preeclampsia or eclampsia, under close medical supervision.

What special precautions should I follow?

Special precautions should be observed when taking hydralazine. Here are some important considerations:

  • Regular monitoring: Your blood pressure should be monitored regularly while taking hydralazine to ensure it is effectively controlling your hypertension without causing hypotension (low blood pressure).
  • Lupus-like syndrome: Hydralazine use has been associated with the development of lupus-like syndrome, a condition characterized by symptoms such as joint pain, fever, and rash. If you experience any of these symptoms, notify your doctor promptly.
  • Blood cell disorders: Hydralazine may cause blood cell disorders, such as hemolytic anemia (destruction of red blood cells) or leukopenia (reduced white blood cell count). Your doctor may perform periodic blood tests to monitor for these complications.
  • Drug interactions: Inform your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking before starting hydralazine, as it may interact with other drugs, including other antihypertensive medications, and affect their effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, discuss the risks and benefits of hydralazine with your doctor. Hydralazine may be used during pregnancy when the benefits outweigh the risks, but close monitoring is necessary.
  • Alcohol consumption: Avoid excessive alcohol consumption while taking hydralazine, as it may exacerbate the medication’s side effects, such as dizziness and drowsiness.

Always follow your doctor’s instructions and report any concerning symptoms or side effects while taking hydralazine.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

As for special dietary instructions, there are no specific dietary restrictions associated with hydralazine. However, it’s generally recommended to follow a healthy, balanced diet low in sodium and saturated fats, as this can help manage hypertension more effectively.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you forget to take a dose of hydralazine, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one. If you have any concerns or questions about missed doses, consult your healthcare provider.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Hydralazine, like any medication, can cause side effects, although not everyone will experience them. Some common side effects of hydralazine include:

  • Headache: Headaches are a common side effect of hydralazine, especially when starting the medication or increasing the dose. These headaches often improve with time as your body adjusts to the medication.
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness: Hydralazine can cause dizziness and lightheadedness, particularly when standing up quickly from a sitting or lying position. This effect may increase the risk of falls, especially in older adults.
  • Flushing: Hydralazine may cause flushing or redness of the skin, particularly in the face and neck. This side effect is usually temporary and harmless.
  • Fast heartbeat (tachycardia): Some individuals may experience a rapid heartbeat or palpitations while taking hydralazine. If you notice a significant increase in your heart rate or experience chest pain or discomfort, contact your doctor.
  • Swelling (edema): Hydralazine may cause fluid retention and swelling, particularly in the ankles, feet, or hands. If you notice sudden or severe swelling, especially if accompanied by shortness of breath, notify your doctor immediately.
  • Gastrointestinal upset: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal discomfort may occur with hydralazine use. Taking the medication with food may help alleviate these symptoms.
  • Joint pain: Some individuals may experience joint pain or muscle aches while taking hydralazine.
  • Nasal congestion: Hydralazine can sometimes cause nasal congestion or a runny nose.
  • Other side effects: Less common side effects of hydralazine may include blurred vision, a decrease in white blood cell count (leukopenia), a lupus-like syndrome, and liver problems.

It’s important to notify your doctor if you experience any side effects while taking hydralazine, especially if they are severe, persistent, or concerning. Your doctor may adjust your dosage or recommend alternative treatments to minimize side effects. Additionally, if you experience any serious side effects such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, or signs of an allergic reaction (e.g., rash, itching, swelling), seek immediate medical attention.

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Storage and disposal of hydralazine:

  • Storage: Store hydralazine tablets at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the medication in its original packaging, tightly closed, and out of reach of children.
  • Disposal: Dispose of expired or unused hydralazine tablets properly according to local regulations or guidelines. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them down the drain unless instructed to do so. Contact your local pharmacy or waste disposal facility for instructions on safe medication disposal.

In case of emergency/overdose

  • Seek immediate medical attention: If you suspect an overdose of hydralazine or experience severe symptoms such as fainting, difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat, or seizures, call emergency medical services (e.g., 911) or go to the nearest emergency room.
  • Poison control: Contact your local poison control center or emergency department for guidance on managing a hydralazine overdose. Be prepared to provide information such as the amount of medication ingested and the individual’s age, weight, and symptoms.

What other information should I know?

  • Follow-up appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider while taking hydralazine. Regular monitoring of blood pressure and potential side effects is essential for safe and effective treatment.
  • Medication interactions: Inform your doctor about all medications, supplements, and herbal products you are taking, as hydralazine may interact with other drugs, including other antihypertensive medications, and affect their effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects.
  • Avoid sudden discontinuation: Do not stop taking hydralazine suddenly without consulting your doctor, as this can lead to a sudden increase in blood pressure or other complications. Your doctor may need to gradually reduce your dosage over time.
  • Medical alert: Consider wearing a medical alert bracelet or carrying a medical identification card indicating that you are taking hydralazine, especially if you have a history of severe allergic reactions or other medical conditions.
  • Stay informed: Keep yourself informed about hydralazine by reading the medication guide provided by your pharmacist and asking your doctor or pharmacist any questions or concerns you may have about its use, side effects, or interactions.

By following these guidelines and staying informed about hydralazine, you can safely and effectively manage your blood pressure and minimize the risk of complications.

Copyright © 2023