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APAP (Generic Acetaminophen)

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WARNING

Acetaminophen overdose can harm the liver, sometimes severely enough to necessitate liver transplantation or even result in death. If you don’t carefully read the instructions on the prescription or package label, or if you use multiple acetaminophen-containing products, you risk mistakenly taking too much of the medication.

You should follow these guidelines to take acetaminophen safely.

  • Never consume more than one acetaminophen-containing product at a time. To find out if any of the prescription and over-the-counter medications you are taking include acetaminophen, read the labels. Be careful that the name acetaminophen may be replaced on the label with an acronym such as APAP, AC, Acetaminophen, Acetaminoph, Acetaminop, Acetamin, or Acetam. If you are unsure whether a drug you are taking contains acetaminophen, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Follow the directions on the prescription or product label for acetaminophen strictly. Even if you still have a fever or pain, do not take extra acetaminophen or take it more frequently than recommended. If you are unsure about how much or how frequently to take your medication, see your doctor or pharmacist. After taking your medication as prescribed, if you still experience pain or a fever, call your doctor.
  • Be informed that the daily maximum amount of acetaminophen is 4000 mg. It could be challenging for you to figure out how much acetaminophen you are taking overall if you need to use multiple acetaminophen-containing products. Obtain assistance from your physician or pharmacist.
  • If you have liver illness now or ever had it, let your doctor know.
  • If you have three or more alcoholic drinks each day, avoid using acetaminophen. Consult your doctor about drinking responsibly while taking acetaminophen.
  • Even if you feel OK, stop taking your prescription and call your doctor straight away if you believe you have taken too much acetaminophen.

If you have any concerns about using acetaminophen or items that contain acetaminophen safely, speak to your pharmacist or doctor.

Why is this medication prescribed?

In addition to lowering temperature, acetaminophen is used to relieve mild to moderate discomfort from headaches, muscle pains, menstrual cramps, colds and sore throats, toothaches, backaches, and reactions to immunisations (shots). Osteoarthritis pain can also be managed with acetaminophen (arthritis caused by the breakdown of the lining of the joints). Acetaminophen belongs to the group of drugs known as analgesics (painkillers) and antipyretics (fever reducers). It functions by cooling the body and altering how the body perceives pain.

How should this medicine be used?

To be taken by mouth, with or without food, acetaminophen is available as a tablet, chewable tablet, capsule, suspension or solution (liquid), extended-release (long-acting), and orally disintegrating tablet forms. Additionally, acetaminophen is offered as a suppository for rectal usage. Although acetaminophen is accessible without a prescription, your doctor might recommend it to treat a particular illness. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions on the packaging or prescription label that you do not understand, and carefully follow them.

If you are providing acetaminophen to your child, carefully check the package label to ensure that the medication is appropriate for the child’s age. Products containing acetaminophen intended for adults should not be given to children. For a younger child, several items intended for adults and older kids could contain too much acetaminophen. To determine how much medication the child needs, look at the package label. If you are aware of your child’s weight, administer the dose indicated on the chart for that weight. Give the dose according to your child’s age if you are unsure about their weight. If you’re unsure about how much medication to give your child, consult their doctor.

When treating cough and cold symptoms, acetaminophen is often taken in combination with other drugs. Find out which product is best for your symptoms by consulting your doctor or pharmacist. Before combining two or more over-the-counter cough and cold medications, carefully read the labelling. If you take these products together, you can experience an overdose because they might both contain the same active ingredient. This is crucial if you plan to give children cough and cold drugs.

Do not split, chew, crush, or dissolve the extended-release tablets; instead, swallow them whole.

You should chew or allow the Meltaways orally disintegrating tablet to dissolve in your mouth before swallowing.

Before each use, thoroughly shake the suspension to combine the medication. Each dose of the solution or suspension should be measured using the measuring cup or syringe supplied by the manufacturer. Never use a separate dosing device for a different product; always use the one that came with the medication.

Observe these steps to inject an acetaminophen suppository into the rectum:

  1. Take the wrapping off.
  2. Water should be applied to the suppository’s tip.
  3. Raise your right knee to your chest while lying on your left side. (If you are left-handed, you should lie on your right side and lift your left leg.)
  4. With the aid of your finger, place the suppository approximately 1/2 to 1 inch (1.25 to 2.5 centimetres) into the rectum of infants and children, and 1 inch (2.5 centimetres) into the rectum of adults. Hold it there for a short while.
  5. After about fifteen minutes, get up. Continue your regular activities after giving your hands a thorough wash.

If your symptoms worsen, you experience new or unexpected symptoms, such as redness or swelling, your pain persists for more than 10 days, or your fever persists for longer than three days, stop taking acetaminophen and contact your doctor. Additionally, if your kid experiences any new symptoms, such as redness or swelling, discomfort that persists for more than five days, or a fever that worsens or persists for more than three days, stop giving your child acetaminophen and contact your child’s doctor.

Children with severe or persistent sore throats, as well as those who also have a fever, headache, rash, nausea, or vomiting, shouldn’t be given acetaminophen. Because these symptoms could be indicators of a more serious ailment, contact the child’s doctor straight once.

Other uses for this medicine

For pain relief from migraine headaches, acetaminophen may also be used with aspirin and coffee.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you’re interested in using this drug for any other conditions.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking acetaminophen,

  • If you have an allergy to acetaminophen, any other drugs, or any of the product’s ingredients, let your doctor and pharmacist know right away. For a list of ingredients, consult the package label or ask your pharmacist.
  • Inform your doctor and pharmacist about all prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal products you are currently taking or intend to use. Mention anticoagulants (also known as “blood thinners”) such as warfarin (Coumadin), isoniazid (INH), several seizure drugs such as carbamazepine (Tegretol), phenobarbital, and phenytoin (Dilantin), as well as phenothiazines (medications for mental illness and nausea). Your physician might need to adjust the dosage of your drugs or keep a close eye on you for side effects.
  • If you have experienced a rash after taking acetaminophen, let your doctor know.
  • Inform your doctor if you are expecting, intend to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking acetaminophen.
  • Do not use acetaminophen if you consume three alcoholic beverages or more per day. Find out from your doctor or pharmacist whether drinking alcohol is safe while taking acetaminophen.
  • You should be aware that children under the age of two should not be given combination acetaminophen medications for cough and colds that contain nasal decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants, and expectorants. These drugs can have fatal or extremely significant side effects when taken by young children. Combination cough and cold medications should only be used in children aged 2 to 11 and only in accordance with the label’s instructions.
  • You should be aware that some types of acetaminophen chewable pills may be sweetened with aspartame if you have phenylketonuria (PKU), a genetic illness that necessitates following a particular diet to prevent mental retardation. a phenylalanine source.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Typically, this drug is given as needed. Take the missed dose of acetaminophen as soon as you remember it if your doctor has prescribed it for you on a regular basis. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not take a second one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

There may be negative effects from acetaminophen.

Some adverse effects can be very harmful. Acetaminophen should not be taken if you suffer any of the following symptoms; instead, you should call your doctor right away or seek emergency medical help:

  • Blistering, peeling, or red skin
  • Rash
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Swelling of the lower legs, hands, feet, ankles, or face, neck, tongue, lips, eyes, or mouth
  • Hoarseness
  • Breathing or swallowing challenges

Other negative effects of acetaminophen are possible. If you have any strange side effects while taking this medicine, contact your doctor right once.

You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Store it away from excessive heat and moisture at room temperature (not in the bathroom).

Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a medicine take-back programme is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your pharmacist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p for additional information.

As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning. http://www.upandaway.org

In case of emergency/overdose

Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.

Get medical assistance right away if someone takes more acetaminophen than is advised, even if they are symptom-free. Overdose signs could include the following:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Reduced appetite
  • Sweating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Uncommon bruising or bleeding
  • Upper right stomach region discomfort
  • The skin or eyes turning yellow
  • Flu-like signs

What other information should I know?

Inform the lab staff and your doctor that you are taking acetaminophen prior to any laboratory test.

If you have any inquiries about acetaminophen, ask your pharmacist.

You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names

  • Acephen Rectal Suppository®
  • Feverall Rectal Suppository®
  • Mapap Rectal Suppository®
  • Neopap Supprettes Rectal Suppository®
  • Uniserts Rectal Suppository®
  • Aceta®
  • Actamin®
  • Adprin B®
  • Anacin®
  • Apacet®
  • Apara®
  • Apra®
  • Conacetol®
  • Dolono®
  • Feverall®
  • Genapap®
  • Genebs®
  • Gericet®
  • Halenol®
  • Infantaire®
  • Liquiprin®
  • Lopap®
  • Mapap®
  • Mardol®
  • Masophen®
  • Meda Cap®
  • Pain-Eze®
  • Panadol®
  • Panex®
  • Paramol®
  • Pediapap®
  • Q-Pap®
  • Redutemp®
  • Ridenol®
  • Silapap®
  • S-T Febrol®
  • Tactinal®
  • Tempra®
  • T-Panol®
  • Tycolene®
  • Tylenol®
  • Tylophen®
  • Uni-Ace®
  • Vitapap®
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