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Alupent (Generic Metaproterenol)

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, and chest tightness brought on by emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and other lung conditions are both prevented and treated with metaproterenol. It facilitates breathing by calming down and widening airways in the lungs.

How should this medicine be used?

Metaproterenol is available as pills, syrup, and a solution for oral inhalation. It is typically taken by mouth three to four times a day to prevent symptoms from developing or by oral inhalation every four hours to ease symptoms. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions on your prescription label that you are unsure about following. Use metaproterenol as instructed by the manufacturer. Use it only as directed by your doctor, neither more nor less often.

Although it does not treat lung diseases like asthma, metaproterenol can control their symptoms. Even if you feel OK, keep taking metaproterenol. Without consulting your doctor, do not stop taking metaproterenol.

Other uses for this medicine

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you’re interested in using this drug for any other conditions.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before using metaproterenol,

  • If you have an allergy to metaproterenol or any other medication, tell your doctor and pharmacist.
  • Inform your doctor and pharmacist about any prescription drugs you’re taking, especially atenolol (Tenormin), carteolol (Cartrol), labetalol (Normodyne, Trandate), metoprolol (Lopressor), nadolol (Corgard), phenelzine (Nardil), propranolol (Inderal), sotalol (Betapace), theophylline (Theo-Dur).
  • Ephedrine, phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, and pseudoephedrine are just a few examples of non-prescription drugs and supplements to mention to your doctor and pharmacist. Check labels carefully as many non-prescription items (such as diet pills and treatments for colds and asthma) contain these drugs. Take none of these medications without first consulting your doctor (even if you never had a problem taking them before).
  • Inform your doctor if you have or have ever had glaucoma, heart disease, high blood pressure, an overactive thyroid gland, diabetes, seizures, or an irregular heartbeat or elevated heart rate.
  • Inform your doctor if you are expecting, intend to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking metaproterenol.
  • Inform your doctor or dentist that you are using metaproterenol if you are having surgery, including dental surgery.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

The missed dose should be taken as soon as you remember. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not take a second one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Side effects from metaproterenol are possible. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:

  • Tremor
  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Nausea

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Increased breathing difficulty
  • Accelerated or elevated heart rate
  • Abnormal heartbeat
  • Chest discomfort or agony

You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Store it away from excessive heat and moisture at room temperature (not in the bathroom). If the solution is pink, yellow, or darker than usual, or if there are floating particles in it, do not use it.

Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a medicine take-back programme is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your pharmacist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at for additional information.

All medications should be kept out of the sight and reach of children, as many of the containers (such as weekly pill containers and those for eye drops, lotions, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for small children to open. Always lock safety caps and put the medication in a secure spot right away, up high and out of young children’s sight and reach, to prevent poisoning.

In case of emergency/overdose

Call 1-800-222-1222 to reach the poison control hotline in the event of an overdose. You can get information online at Call emergency services at 911 right away if the sufferer has fallen, experienced a seizure, is having problems breathing, or cannot be roused.

What other information should I know?

Keep all of your doctor’s appointments.

Do not share your medication with anybody else. Any queries you may have regarding medication refills should be directed to your pharmacist.

You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names

  • Alupent®
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