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Aluminum Hydroxide

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Heartburn, sour stomach, and peptic ulcer discomfort are all relieved with aluminium hydroxide, and peptic ulcer recovery is accelerated.

How should this medicine be used?

Aluminum hydroxide is available as an oral liquid, solution, tablet, and capsule. The ailment being treated determines the dosage and frequency of use. Before administration, the suspension needs to be thoroughly shook. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions on the packaging or prescription label that you do not understand, and carefully follow them.

Other uses for this medicine

Aluminum hydroxide is occasionally used to lower the phosphate levels in the blood of people with kidney disease. Discuss the potential dangers of using this medication for your illness with your doctor.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking aluminum hydroxide,

  • If you have any medicine or aluminium hydroxide allergies, let your doctor and pharmacist know right away.
  • In particular, mention allopurinol (Lopurin, Zyloprim), alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium, Mitran, and others), chloroquine (Aralen), cimetidine (Tagamet), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate, dexamethasone (Decadron and others), and diazepam to your doctor and pharmacist (Valium, Valrelease, and Zetran), hydrocortisone (Cortone, Hydrocortone), ethambutol (Myambutol), digoxin (Lanoxin), diflunisal (Dolobid), famotidine (Pepcid), halazepam (Paxipam), isoniazid (Laniazid, Nydrazid), levothyroxine (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid, and others), lorazep (Ativan), prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone), tetracycline (Sumycin, Tetracap, and others), ticlopidine (Ticlid), oxazepam (Serax), penicillamine (Cuprimine, Depen), methylprednisolone (Medrol), iron-containing products, and vitamins.
  • Be careful that other medications may be affected by aluminium hydroxide, decreasing their efficacy. One hour before or two hours after taking aluminium hydroxide, take your other prescriptions.
  • If you have or have had had hypertension, heart disease, kidney disease, or gastrointestinal bleeding, let your doctor know.
  • Inform your doctor if you are expecting, intend to get pregnant, or are nursing a baby. Call your doctor if you become pregnant while taking aluminium hydroxide.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you miss a dosage, take it as soon as you recall. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not take a second one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Side effects from aluminium hydroxide are possible. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, consult your doctor:

  • Constipation
  • Reduced appetite

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • Uncommon fatigue or discomfort
  • Muscle tremor

You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. Store it away from excessive heat and moisture at room temperature (not in the bathroom).

As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning.

Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a medicine take-back programme is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your pharmacist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at for additional information.

What other information should I know?

If your doctor doesn’t instruct you to utilise aluminium hydroxide for longer than two weeks, do not.

No one else should take your medication. Any queries you may have regarding medication refills should be directed to your pharmacist.

You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names

  • AlternaGEL®
  • Alu-Cap®
  • Alu-Tab®
  • Amphojel®
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