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Why is this medication prescribed?
For the treatment of neurocysticercosis, utilise albendazole (infection caused by the pork tapeworm in the muscles, brain, and eyes that may cause seizures, brain swelling, and vision problems). In addition to surgery, albendazole is used to treat cystic hydatid illness (infection caused by the dog tapeworm in the liver, lung, and lining of the abdomen that may damage these organs). Antihelmintics are a class of drugs that includes albendazole. It eliminates the worms to work.
How should this medicine be used?
Albendazole is available as an oral tablet. It is typically taken twice daily with food. Neurocysticercosis is typically treated with albendazole, which is typically given for 8 to 30 days. In order to effectively treat cystic hydatid disease, albendazole is often administered in three cycles of 28 days of treatment, followed by a 14-day rest. Take albendazole every day at roughly the same time. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any instructions on your prescription label that you are unsure about following. Follow the prescription for albendazole exactly. Never take it in larger or less amounts or more frequently than directed by your doctor.
If you are administering the medication to a child or if you are unable to swallow the tablets whole, you may crush or chew them before drinking some water and taking the medication.
Despite feeling better, continue taking albendazole until the prescription is finished. It’s possible that albendazole won’t entirely cure your infection if you stop taking it too soon or skip doses.
Other uses for this medicine
Infections brought on by roundworms, hookworms, threadworms, whipworms, pinworms, flukes, and other parasites are occasionally treated with albendazole (a plant or animal that lives within another living organism to receive some benefit). The dangers of using this drug for your illness should be discussed with your doctor.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you believe this drug should be used for something else.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking albendazole,
- If you have an allergy to albendazole, mebendazole, any other drugs, or any of the ingredients in albendazole tablets, tell your doctor and pharmacist right away. Request a list of the components from your pharmacist.
- Inform your doctor and pharmacist about any additional prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal products you are now taking or intend to use. Don’t forget to bring up theophylline. Your physician might need to adjust the dosage of your drugs or keep a close eye on you for side effects.
- Inform your doctor if you currently or ever had liver disease.
- If you think you might be pregnant or if you intend to get pregnant, tell your doctor right away. Albendazole medication shouldn’t start until after a pregnancy test that comes back negative. While taking albendazole and for three days following your final dose, you shouldn’t get pregnant. Consult your physician about birth control options you can take while undergoing therapy. Call your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking albendazole. The foetus could suffer from albendazole.
- Inform your doctor if you are nursing a baby.
- You should inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking albendazole if you are having surgery, including dental surgery.
- Your doctor will likely advise you to take specific medications to avoid nervous system harm while receiving albendazole treatment for neurocysticercosis. If you have any of the following symptoms, get medical help right away: seizures, headache, vomiting, excessive fatigue, or changes in behaviour.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
If you miss a dosage, take it as soon as you recall. If the next dose is soon due, skip the missed one and carry on with your regular dosing plan. To make up for a missing dose, do not take a second one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
There may be negative effects from albendazole. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:
- Abdominal pain
- Permanent hair loss
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms or those listed in the SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS section, call your doctor immediately:
- Infection symptoms such as a sore throat, fever, chills, and others
- Uncommon bruising or bleeding
- Light skin
- Breathing difficulty
Other negative effects of albendazole are possible. If you experience any strange issues while taking this medicine, contact your doctor right away.
You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep all of your appointments with your physician and the lab. Before starting your treatment, your doctor could recommend an eye examination. During your therapy, your doctor may also request a few lab tests to monitor how your body is responding to albendazole.
As many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for young children to open, it is crucial to keep all medications out of sight and out of reach of children. Always lock safety caps and promptly stash medication up and away from young children where it is out of their sight and reach to prevent poisoning. http://www.upandaway.org
Unused prescriptions must be disposed of carefully to prevent pets, kids, and other people from ingesting them. You should not, however, dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, utilising a medicine take-back programme is the easiest approach to get rid of your medication. To find out about take-back programmes in your area, speak with your pharmacist or the garbage/recycling department in your city. If you do not have access to a take-back programme, see the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website at http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p for additional information.
In case of emergency/overdose
Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.
What other information should I know?
Keep all of your appointments with your physician and the lab. Before starting your treatment, your doctor could recommend an eye examination. In order to monitor your body’s reaction to albendazole, your doctor may additionally request specific lab tests.
No one else should take your medication. Any queries you may have regarding medication refills should be directed to your pharmacist.
You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.