Risperidone 2mg Tablets – Generic Risperdal
Actual product appearance may differ slightly.
Risperidone are an atypical antipsychotic. It may increase
the risk of death when used to treat mental problems caused by dementia in
elderly patients. Most of the deaths were linked to heart problems or infection.
Risperidone are not approved to treat mental problems caused by dementia.
Risperidone are used for:
Treating schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It is used to
treat irritability caused by autistic disorder. It may also be used for other
conditions as determined by your doctor.
Risperidone are an atypical antipsychotic. It works by
affecting certain substances in the brain.
Do NOT use Risperidone if:
- you are allergic to any
ingredient in Risperidone
Before using Risperidone:
Some medical conditions may interact with Risperidone. Tell
your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any
of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to
become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any
prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary
- if you have
allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have a history of
seizures, heart problems (eg, heart failure, slow or irregular heartbeat),
abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG), heart attack, stroke, blood vessel
problems, high or low blood pressure, or low white blood cell levels
- if you have a history of kidney
or liver problems, stomach
or bowel problems (eg, narrowing, blockage), neuroleptic malignant syndrome
(NMS), suicidal thoughts or attempts, or alcohol abuse or dependence
- if you have diabetes or are very
overweight, or if a family member has had diabetes
- if you have Alzheimer disease,
dementia, Parkinson disease, or esophagus problems (eg, trouble swallowing)
- if you have had high blood
prolactin levels or a history of certain types of cancer (eg, breast,
pancreas, pituitary, brain), or if you are at risk for breast cancer
- if you are dehydrated, drink
alcohol, or will be exposed to very high or very low temperatures
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Risperidone. Tell your
health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of
- Alpha-blockers (eg, doxazosin) or
medicine for high
blood pressure because the risk of low blood pressure and
fainting may be increased
- Anticholinergics (eg,
scopolamine) because the risk of overheating may be increased
- Tramadol because the risk of
seizures may be increased
- Clozapine or selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine, paroxetine) because they may
increase the risk of Risperidone’s side effects
- Carbamazepine, phenobarbital,
phenytoin, or rifampin because they may decrease Risperidone’s effectiveness
- Dopamine receptor agonists (eg,
pramipexole) or levodopa because their effectiveness may be decreased by
How to use Risperidone:
Use Risperidone as directed by your doctor. Check the label
on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Risperidone by mouth
with or without food.
- Take Risperidone on a regular
schedule to get the most benefit from it. Taking Risperidone at the same
time each day will help you remember to take it.
- Continue to take Risperidone even
if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of Risperidone,
take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip
the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2
doses at once.
Important safety information:
- Risperidone may cause drowsiness,
dizziness, lightheadedness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if
you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Risperidone with caution.
Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you
react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol while you
are taking Risperidone.
- Check with your doctor before
taking medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers)
while you are using Risperidone; it may add to their effects. Ask your
pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Risperidone may cause dizziness,
lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may
increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially
in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
- Do not become overheated in hot
weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur.
- Patients who have bipolar
(manic-depressive) illness, or if their family members have had it, may be
at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. Watch patients who take
Risperidone closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden
symptoms such as anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; depressed mood;
panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the
doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.
- Risperidone may raise your blood
sugar. High blood sugar may make you feel confused, drowsy, or thirsty. It
can also make you flush, breathe faster, or have a fruit-like breath odor.
If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor right away.
- Diabetes patients – Check blood
sugar levels closely. Ask
your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- Risperidone may lower the ability
of your body
to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections.
Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat,
rash, or chills.
- NMS is a possibly fatal syndrome
that can be caused by Risperidone. Symptoms may include fever; stiff
muscles; confusion; abnormal thinking; fast or irregular heartbeat; or
sweating. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms.
- Some patients who take
Risperidone may develop muscle movements that they cannot control. This is
more likely to happen in elderly patients, especially women. The chance that
this will happen or that it will become permanent is greater in those who
take Risperidone in higher doses or for a long time. Muscle problems may
also occur after short-term treatment with low doses. Tell your doctor at
once if you have muscle problems with your arms; legs; or your tongue, face,
mouth, or jaw (eg, tongue sticking out, puffing of cheeks, mouth puckering,
chewing movements) while taking Risperidone.
- Risperidone may increase the
amount of a certain hormone (prolactin) in your blood. Symptoms may include
enlarged breasts, missed menstrual period, decreased sexual ability, or
nipple discharge. Contact your doctor right away if you experience any of
- Risperidone may rarely cause a
prolonged, painful erection. This could happen even when you are not having
sex. If this is not treated right away, it could lead to permanent sexual
problems such as impotence. Contact your doctor right away if this happens.
- Lab tests, including fasting
blood glucose and complete blood cell counts, may be performed while you use
Risperidone. These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for
side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- Use Risperidone with caution in
the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially dizziness
when standing or uncontrolled muscles movements.
- Risperidone should be used with
extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 5 years old; safety and
effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If
you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the
benefits and risks of using Risperidone while you are pregnant. Risperidone
are found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Risperidone.
Possible side effects of Risperidone:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have
no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any
of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Anxiety; constipation; cough; diarrhea; dizziness;
drowsiness; dry mouth; fatigue; headache; increased appetite; increased saliva
production; indigestion; lightheadedness; nausea; restlessness; runny nose; stomach
pain or upset; trouble sleeping; vomiting; weight gain.
attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing or
swallowing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or
tongue; unusual hoarseness); abnormal thoughts; confusion; drooling; fainting;
fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat;
inability to control urination; increased sweating; new or worsening mental or
mood changes (eg, aggression, agitation, depression, severe anxiety);
seizures; severe dizziness; stiff or rigid muscles; suicidal thoughts or
attempts; symptoms of high blood sugar (eg, increased thirst, hunger, or
urination; unusual weakness); tremor; trouble concentrating, speaking, or
swallowing; trouble sitting still; trouble walking or standing; uncontrolled
muscle movements (eg, arm or leg movements, twitching of the face or tongue,
jerking or twisting); unusual bruising; vision changes.