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Acyclovir Injection

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Why is this medication prescribed?

Herpes simplex, a herpes virus infection of the skin and mucous membranes, and herpes zoster, a rash that can develop in persons who have previously had chickenpox, are both treated with acyclovir injection in patients with weakened immune systems. It is additionally applied to people with healthy immune systems who experience their first genital herpes outbreaks (a herpes virus infection that occasionally results in sores developing around the genitalia and rectum). Herpes simplex encephalitis (a herpes virus-induced brain infection and swelling) and herpes infections in newborn newborns are both treated with acyclovir injection. Acyclovir injection is a member of the synthetic nucleoside analogues class of antiviral drugs. It functions by preventing the herpes virus from spreading throughout the body. Genital herpes cannot be cured with acyclovir injection, and it may also not be prevented from spreading to other people.

How should this medicine be used?

Acyclovir injection is available as an intravenous solution (into a vein). Usually, it is given for more than an hour every eight hours. Your general health, the sort of infection you have, your age, and how well you respond to the medication all influence how long the therapy will last. How long to take acyclovir injection is something your doctor will advise you on.

Acyclovir injections can be administered either in a hospital setting or at home. Your doctor will demonstrate how to utilise the medication if you will be receiving an at-home acyclovir injection. Make sure you comprehend these instructions, and if you have any issues, consult your healthcare professional.

Other uses for this medicine

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details if you believe this drug should be used for something else.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before using acyclovir injection,

  • If you have an allergy to acyclovir, valacyclovir (Valtrex), any other medications, any ingredients in acyclovir injection, or any other substances, tell your doctor and pharmacist right away. Request a list of the components from your pharmacist.
  • Inform your doctor and pharmacist about any additional prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, dietary supplements, and herbal products you are now taking or intend to use. Incorporate any of the following: probenecid (Benemid, in Colbenemid) (Benemid, in Colbenemid). Your physician might need to adjust the dosage of your drugs or keep a close eye on you for side effects.
  • Inform your doctor if you have or have previously had kidney or liver illness, HIV infection, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), or any other immune system issues. Tell your doctor if you think you could be dehydrated as a result of a recent sickness or activities.
  • If you are breastfeeding a child or intend to become pregnant, let your doctor know. Call your doctor if you get pregnant while having an injection of acyclovir.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Keep eating normally unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.

What side effects can this medication cause?

The injection of acyclovir may have negative effects. If any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away, let your doctor know right once:

  • At the injection site, there is redness or swelling
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Some adverse effects can be very harmful. Call your doctor right away if any of these symptoms occur to you:

  • Rash
  • Hives
  • Itching
  • Breathing or swallowing challenges
  • Face, throat, tongue, lips, and eye swelling
  • Hoarseness

Other negative effects from acyclovir injection are possible. If you have any strange side effects while taking this medicine, call your doctor right away.

You or your doctor can submit a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting programme online or by phone if you have a serious side event (1-800-332-1088).

In case of emergency/overdose

Call the poison control hotline at 1-800-222-1222 in the event of an overdose. Additionally, information can be found online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Call 911 right once if the person has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be roused.

Overdose signs could include the following:

  • Agitation
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Tiredness

What other information should I know?

Keep all of your doctor’s appointments. To monitor how your body is responding to the acyclovir injection, your doctor may request specific lab tests.

No one else should take your medication. Any queries you may have regarding medication refills should be directed to your pharmacist.

You should keep a written record of every medication you take, including any over-the-counter (OTC) items, prescription drugs, and dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals. This list should be brought with you whenever you see a doctor or are admitted to the hospital. You should always have this information with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names

  • Zovirax® Injection®
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