Lactulose oral syrup
What is lactulose
LACTULOSE (Chronulac) is a complex sugar-like laxative derived from lactose. It helps to treat chronic constipation and to treat or prevent hepatic encephalopathy or coma (brain disorders that result from liver disease). Generic lactulose syrup is available.
What should I tell my health care
provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
need a galactose-free diet
scheduled for surgery
an unusual or allergic reaction to lactulose, other sugars, medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I take this medicine?
Take lactulose syrup by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or container to measure your medicine. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one; household spoons are not always accurate. You can mix lactulose with fruit juice or water before taking. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
Elderly patients over 65 years old need smaller doses to reduce possible side effects.
What drug(s) may interact with lactulose?
Tell your prescriber or health care professional: about all other medicines you are taking including nonprescription medicines; if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol; if you smoke; or if you use illegal drugs. These can affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.
What side effects might I notice
from taking lactulose?
Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
nausea or vomiting
stomach pain or discomfort
What should I watch for while
Lactulose may not produce any result for between 24 and 48 hours. Do not take lactulose for more than one week unless your prescriber or health care professional has prescribed a regular schedule for you.
Drink plenty of water with each dose of lactulose.
If you are taking other medication, take lactulose at least 2 hours before or afterwards so that it will not interfere with your other medicines.